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2nd Generation Baby Born Outside Of Canada

As a Canadian living outside of Canada, one of the questions that you may likely need answer to is whether 2nd Generation Baby Born Outside Of Canada is considered a Canadian citizen. Every situation is different. The only and official way to find out is to apply for a proof of citizenship for the child or the children.

This answer is only for people who were citizens when their children were born. If you obtained your Canadian citizenship after your children were born, they did not automatically become citizens.

On April 17, 2009, the rules changed for persons born outside Canada to a Canadian parent.

Children born before April 17, 2009

There are many laws and rules that affect if your children are Canadian. Most children born to Canadian parents before April 17, 2009, were considered as citizens at birth.

Children born on or after April 17, 2009

Your children will only be Canadian at birth if you:

  • were born in Canada
  • became a naturalized Canadian citizen before they were born
    • if you were adopted, see the exceptions

There are exceptions to these rules.

Children born outside Canada and adopted by a Canadian

Your children born outside Canada will not be citizens if you:

  • were born outside Canada
  • were adopted by a Canadian citizen
  • became a Canadian citizen using the citizenship process for inter-country adoption

However, they will become citizens if their other parent was born in Canada or is a naturalized citizen.

Your children are born outside Canada while you are working for the Canadian government

Your children will be citizens at birth if, when they were born, you had a job with the:

  • Canadian Armed Forces
  • federal public administration
  • public service of a province or territory

This rule does not apply if you worked as a locally engaged person.

You were born outside Canada while your parent worked for the Canadian government

Your children will be citizens at birth if, when you were born outside Canada, your Canadian parent had a job with the:

  • Canadian Armed Forces
  • federal public administration
  • public service of a province or territory

This rule does not apply if your Canadian parent worked as a locally engaged person.

You can also see if you can become a Canadian citizen if your child was born in Canada.