Canada has a landmass with rich mineral resources. This has helped in making Canada the home of mining as hundreds of thousands of Canadians from across the country have used their knowledge, skills, and entrepreneurship to build an industry that is among the world’s largest producers of minerals and metals. This article discusses the best provinces to find mining jobs in Canada.
Canada is among the top five producing countries of 13 major minerals and metals. The stats are:
- First in potash;
- Second in uranium and niobium;
- Third in nickel, cobalt, aluminum, and platinum group metals; and
- Fifth in gold and diamonds.
Mining is attributed to a range of activities, including mineral exploration, mineral development, mine production, mineral processing, mine site reclamation, and much more.
Table of Contents
- 1 Biggest Mining Provinces in Canada
- 2 Minerals and Metals Industry in Canada
- 3 Top Ontario Mining Companies
- 4 Highest paying mining jobs in Canada
- 5 How to document your education, achievements, and experience
- 6 How to Find a Mining Job in Canada
- 7 10 Unexpected Jobs in the Mining Industry
Biggest Mining Provinces in Canada
When it comes to the Mining Industry in Canada, Quebec, Ontario, and British Columbia are contribute to the majority of mining activities and production in Canada accounting for more than 90% of mining in Canada. So, let’s look at these three mining powerhouses in Canada:
Quebec is one city in the world that produces niobium, titanium dioxide, cobalt, and platinum and also Canada’s biggest producer of iron concentrate and zinc and the second-largest producer of gold.
In the Fraser Institute’s 2017 ranking, Quebec is the sixth world’s most attractive site for mining investments.
In 2016, minerals extracted in Quebec came from 27 active mines and close to 530 surface mining sites.
Quebec is the largest province in Canada also produces one-fifth of Canada’s mining produce. The mining activities in Quebec include:
- iron ore
Mining activities in the province are distributed across the province, from the major city of Montreal to the more remote northern regions.
Canada’s highest producer of minerals is Ontario with its value at CAD $10.1 billion in 2018. Ontario also boasts of the second-largest mining company in Toronto.
Ontario also has one of the best mining sites in the world and also the safest industries in Canada achieving a 96% improvement in lost time injury frequency over the past 30 years.
The province also offers the best mining salary in Canada with its wages 77% higher than the average industrial wage in the country.
Ontario’s mine supply and service sector employ more than 40,000 people who earn on an average weekly wage of CAD $1,791 while mining support workers earn about CAD $1,815 per week.
The province also has the greenest mining companies in Canada as companies spend around CAD $103 million a year on mine land rehabilitation, environmental engineering, and environmental technologies.
Another province in Canada that produces minerals in British Columbia which has a robust venture capital market and a culture of innovation.
The mining companies are mostly located in Vancouver. British Columbia is also the largest exporter of coal at CAD $6.5 billion and in 2017, the British Columbia mining industry directly employed more than 10,000 people boosting its production.
If you dream of working in the mining industry in Canada, then British Columbia is one of the top provinces to find mining jobs in Canada.
The province is the largest producer of copper and steelmaking coal, the second-largest producer of silver, and the only producer of molybdenum in Canada. As a miner working in BC, you can earn a weekly wage of $1,616.
- Elk Valley (metallurgical coal)
- Kitimat (aluminum)
- Northern BC (copper, gold, molybdenum, metallurgical coal)
- Southern BC (copper, gold, molybdenum)
- Vancouver (exploration, mine financing, allied industries)
- Trail (lead, zinc)
- Northern Saskatchewan (uranium, gold)
- Southern Saskatchewan (potash, coal)
- Northern Manitoba (nickel, cobalt, gold)
- Flin Flon (copper, zinc, gold)
- Northern Ontario (gold, palladium, platinum, copper, zinc, diamonds)
- Sudbury (nickel, copper, cobalt, allied industries)
- Timmins(gold, silver)
- Toronto and southern Ontario (salt, uranium refining, exploration and mine financing, allied industries)
- NWT (diamonds)
- Nunavut (gold, iron)
- Abitibi and James Bay Region (gold, copper, zinc, diamonds)
- Rouyn-Norando and Val-d’Or (gold, copper, silver, zinc)
- Havre St. Pierre and Sorel-Tracy (titanium)
- Montreal and area (metal smelting and refining, allied industries)
- Northern Quebec (nickel, copper, cobalt, platinum group metals)
- Saguenay Region (aluminum refining, niobium)
- Schefferville and Fermont (iron)
- Newfoundland and Labrador
Labrador City and Wabush Area (iron ore)
- Voisey’s Bay (nickel, copper, cobalt)
- Island of Newfoundland (gold, nickel refining)
- NB (zinc, lead, metal smelting)
Prince Edward Island
- PEI (peat, sand, and gravel)
- NS (gypsum, gold, coal)
- Yukon (copper, gold, silver)
Minerals and Metals Industry in Canada
When you talk of the mining industry, it is more than just mines, it includes other sub-industries which employ a lot of Canadians in a range of activities including:
- public geoscience
- community engagement and consultation
- environmental permitting and monitoring
- health and safety
- land-use planning
- financing and investment
- mine construction and operation
- technological innovation
- services and equipment supply
- the restoration of former mine sites
- processing and refining
Top Ontario Mining Companies
Below are the Ontario mining companies that published the most online job postings in the past year. Check out their websites or Careermine pages (note that not all are on Careermine) to see the openings they are currently hiring to fill.
- Newmont Goldcorp
- Cameco Inc.
- Detour Gold Corporation
- Alamos Gold Inc.
- Hudbay Minerals Inc.
- Sherritt International Corporation
- Kinross Gold
Highest paying mining jobs in Canada
Trade and Skilled
Wages: $100,000 and up
Those under the trades and skilled category are operators, technicians, and miners. The pay depends solely on the company and region of location. Some operators earn as much as $111k.
Your training, education, and working conditions determine the amount of money you receive in the trade and skilled category.
If you are experienced and ready to under hazardous conditions underground, then you are ready to get the cash. Underground miners receive as much as $150,000 per year in Canada.
Health and Safety
Wages: $110,000 and up
Experts in health and safety can also work in the mining industry with a salary structure of around $110,000 and above. This is because mining makes a lot of effort to make sure that operations are safe and environmentally friendly.
So, if you are a professional in the occupational health, safety, and environmental sectors, you have a chance to pursue your career in this section.
As an environmental officer, you can earn between $60,000 and $115,000. A top-level occupational health and safety professional, however, will earn close to $190k a year.
Wages: $220,000 and up
One of the highest-paid in the mining industry is Metallurgists. A fresh graduate Metallurgist can earn between $50,000 and $90,000 per year.
Their expertise in the properties of metals and their knowledge of extraction, casting alloying and heating treatment of metals are very much needed in the industry. That’s why salaries for the position range the $220k and up category
Geologist and Geosciences
Wages: $200,000 and up
This sector is divided into two: Mine Geologist and Exploration Geologist. The Mine Geologist ensures that mining occurs in the right places and sampling is carried out accurately while the Exploration Geologist is responsible for resource discovery and evaluation.
However, both professions pay generously and salaries range from $90,000 to $230,000 per year.
Wages: $230,000 and up
Engineers in the mining industry are among the top earners. The engineering positions are the third-highest paid jobs in the industry. Senior Engineers can expect to earn upwards of around $230,000 per year.
Wages: $250,000 and up
As always management is where the money is, and if you find yourself as a General Manager, Project Controls Manager, or Site General Manager, you will earn a salary in the excess of $250,000 – $350,000 per year.
The two highest-paying positions on a mining project are a Project Director and Drilling Operations, Director.
The Project Director is in charge of providing the strategic leadership to the project while the Drilling Operations Director takes up the responsibility of the overall planning, direction, and execution of drilling operations for the mining company.
Join the mining industry, you will need a lot of training and skills. These skills can be acquired through a combination of education, training, and work experience.
In order to qualify for certain jobs in mining, you may require some qualifications, certifications, or university courses in a discipline related to mining.
Your education and training can help begin a career in mining and thus be able to get an entry-level position. If you advance your education further it will as well help you to advance your career and attain a higher position in the industry.
Generally, there are three types of education needed for the mining industry:
High school graduation: diploma or certificate
Skilled trades, vocational or college education: certificates, diplomas
University education: degrees
How to evaluate your education
You will have to evaluate your education following the evaluation process. You can start your evaluation in your home country since it is easier and you may need to supply original documents or officially sealed envelopes. So, it’s advisable to do that in your home country. The education evaluation process includes:
- Complete your application with the credential evaluation agency
- Review the document requirements for your application
- Have your documents translated into English or French ( translation must be completed by your school, college, university, or by a certified translator)
- Provide your original documents to the credential evaluation agency
- Receive and review your report
If you are not satisfied with your evaluation, you may want to ask for more information or a second opinion
Skilled trades training evaluation process
Apart from education requirements, some careers in mining may require training and certification in skilled trades. The apprenticeship and certification authorities in the province or territory you plan to work in will evaluate your international skilled trade certificate or related training. The skilled trades training evaluation process includes:
1) Gather the documents required by the apprenticeship and certification authorities in the province or territory you plan to work in. The documents include:
- Application forms,
- Employer declaration forms,
- Employer letters,
- Letters of reference,
- Trade and work experience verification forms,
2) Provide information to the apprenticeship and certification authorities in the province or territory you plan to work in
3) The information you provide is verified with employers and journeypersons to confirm your work hours, the scope of work, and level of competency at your trade.
How to document your education, achievements, and experience
For those who want to work in an unregulated job, you will need to write a summary of your education, achievements, and experience. The list of activities needed in the documentation include:
- Describe the tasks you carried out in your previous employment
- Describe the skills and knowledge you used at work
- Get reference letters from supervisors, colleagues, and other respected individuals you worked closely with
- Show work samples (if possible)
- Offer to complete a short assignment to demonstrate your knowledge and skills to the employer
If you desire to work in a regulated engineering career, you must be able to meet specific provincial or territorial requirements and obtain your Professional Engineering Credentials (PENG). These requirements are often called, “entry to practice competence”. In general, the criteria to become licensed include:
To become a licensed engineer, you must hold a degree from an accredited undergraduate program or equivalent qualifications.
You will also have to fulfill the work experience requirements needed in the province or territory where you are applying for a license.
Professionalism and Ethics
You must take and pass an ethics exam to show your knowledge of related laws, professional standards, ethical standards, and other topics in the industry.
You must also demonstrate good character.
How to Find a Mining Job in Canada
There are a lot of opportunities in the Canadian mining industry, this makes it a very good industry for internationally trained professionals to enter.
To find and apply for jobs in this industry is very simple and easy. This is so because many mining companies in Canada post their jobs in their websites.
However, you can try online job websites to look for options available for you in mining in Canada. Some of them include:
- Northern Miner Jobs
- Mining Association of British Columbia’s Job Board.
10 Unexpected Jobs in the Mining Industry
There are various unexpected job and career opportunities available in the mining industry. The jobs listed below have been released in the Ontario mining industry. They include:
- Human Resources Specialist
- Food Service Supervisor
- Legal Counsel
- Disability Management Specialist
- Dental Laboratory Technician
- Carpenter and Painter
- Content Writer and Strategist
- Security Guard
- Technology Consultant Sales