The legal age limit to work in Canada is regulated by many laws. This provision of law applies to Canada citizens, permanent residents, as well as to foreigners who are willing to work in Canada. They aim at encouraging education as it allows young people’s education and welfare to be prioritized before they are being allowed to take jobs from any Canadian employer.
As the minimum age for Canada work permit for foreigners require at least 18 years of age, the minimum age limit for Canadians and permanent residents are mostly different depending on the province or territory. Most Canada provinces or territories have its own employment standards rule. A number of Canadian employers also make use of their own policies as regards to hiring young workers in their business or establishment.
Besides, there are limitations to the type of job that young people under 18 years old are legally-permitted to engage themselves in. The age limit to work in Canada serves as a means of protecting the development of young people, as well as their health and safety. They guide the type of work and allowable work hours that young people in Canada are legally-permitted to do. In most cases, young people who want to start work in Canada require their parent or guardian’s permission to work through a written consent. As a parent or guardian to a child who is about to start work in Canada, it is your responsibility to check if your child will be able to effectively carry out his/her job roles.
Additionally, Canada Labour Code permits young people who are below the age of 17 years to work. This authorization is based on some conditions, which includes;
- Young people are allowed to work in Canada if the job is not forbidden by law to people of your age group
- You are authorized to work if the work will not pose any form of threat to your health and safety
- Based on your province or territory, you are permitted to work if you aren’t missing school to go to work
- Also, you are not allowed to work from 11 pm to 6 am
In this article
- Minimum age limit to work in Canada provinces or territories
- Minimum age requirement to work in Ontario
- Age limit to work in Alberta
- Minimum age to work in British Columbia
- Minimum age to work in New Brunswick
- Minimum age to work in Nova Scotia
- Minimum legal age to work in Quebec
- Minimum age to work in Manitoba
- Minimum age to work in Prince Edward Province
- FAQs about Acceptable Age Limit to Work in Canada
Minimum age limit to work in Canada provinces or territories
Minimum age requirement to work in Ontario
For children who are 18 years old or more in Ontario, it is your right to seek employment from any Ontario employer without being discriminated for your age. Employers who are offenders of this law are entitled to a human rights’ claim. Many Ontario employers or businesses hire young people of at least 14 years of age. Besides, some jobs have a specific minimum age requirement, which applies to young people. The legal age for young workers was set by Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA). For instance,
- Working as a waiter, in a store or in any industrial settings requires you to have reached the age of 14
- To work in a restaurant’s kitchen, you must be at least 15 years old
- Your age should be at least 16 years before you can involve yourself in any construction project or logging operations. You are also not allowed to work in a mining plant or surface mine till you are 16
- Before you can get involved in any factory operations or work as a window cleaner, or in a repair shop, your age should be at least 18. More so, you must have clocked 18 years of age before you are allowed to get involved in any alcohol merchandise. This law does not authorize you to drink alcohol as it has its own legal age of 19
Age limit to work in Alberta
Young people who want to start work in Alberta needs their parent or guardian’s written consent. Under some conditions, Alberta’s Employment Standards rule permits children who are up to the age of 12 to work. Working under this condition demands the approval of the Director of Labour Standards. The conditions under working in Alberta includes;
- You are only allowed to work outside normal class hours for a maximum of 2 hours daily
- Moreover, you are only authorized to do some jobs. This includes working as a delivery person, office clerk, among others
Minimum age to work in British Columbia
The province of British Columbia allows children who are below the age of 12 to work upon authorization by the Director of Labour Standards. They permit young people of up to age 12 and 14 to work with provision of a written consent from their parent or guardian. Moreover, you are not allowed to work during school hours. On non-school days, you are not allowed to work for more than 7 hours. When your school is out of session, you can only work for 35 hours on a weekly basis. British Columbia also permits young people to work during school days for a maximum period of 4 hours per day. Employers of children who are below 12 years old are required to fill out a form of Application of Employer for Child’s Permit of Employment.
On certain occasions, British Columbia allows very young children to partake in a movie role as long as the child is more than 15 years old
Minimum age to work in New Brunswick
The New Brunswick Province of Canada allows young people who are below 14 years old to work at places that are not capable of causing harm or damage to their health, welfare, moral or physical development. This condition is also applicable to young people below 16 years old. Moreover, young people who are below 14 years old are not authorized to work as an elevator operator, in any construction industry, theatre, service station, restaurant, dance hall, industrial setting, hotel, forestry industry, garage, etc. Working in any of these places requires a permit by the Director of Employment Standards. You are also not allowed to work for more than 3 hours per day during school days.
Minimum age to work in Nova Scotia
This Canada province has similar rules with the province of New Brunswick as regards to young people who wants to work within the province. It allows young people of less than 14 years of age to work. However, Nova Scotia Province does not authorize children who are below the age of 14 or 16 to work for any forestry industry, industrial setting, etc.
Minimum legal age to work in Quebec
School is prioritized in Quebec till you reach the age of 16. Canadian employers should ensure that the education of their young workers is prioritized when determining their work shifts. The following conditions apply to young people who want to start working in Quebec:
- If you are below 14 years old in Quebec, you need a written consent from your parent or guardian before you can be considered for employment. If you intend working as a babysitter, you do not need a written consent from your parent or guardian
- If you are below 16 years old, you are not authorized to be an apprentice in a trade work, or work in a workshop, milling facility, etc.
Minimum age to work in Manitoba
Based on certain conditions, Manitoba authorizes young people who are below the age 16 years to work. They need to comply with some conditions, which includes;
- procuring a permit from the Director of Employment Standards’ manager
- not working for any establishment that poses threat to your health, safety or welfare
- Ultimately, in the Director’s opinion, you are not authorized to work in a company that involves huge cleaning, repair or maintenance through the use of a machinery
Minimum age to work in Prince Edward Province
Prince Edward is among the Eastern Maritime provinces in Canada. The employment rule of Prince Edward Province permits young people of below 16 years old to work only if they can meet some conditions. Among such condition is that;
- If you are below the age of 16, you are not allowed to anywhere that has negative impacts on your health, safety, moral or physical development
- During school hours, you are not allowed to work for more than 3 hours
- You are not permitted to work in any construction setting
- You are not allowed to work between 11 pm and 7 am
At times, the Labour Standards Inspector pardon young people who goes beyond these conditions inasmuch as their school attendance is not affected, and they have the consent of their parent or guardian
FAQs about Acceptable Age Limit to Work in Canada
1. What is a written consent?
A written consent is a letter or document that is usually prepared by the parent or guardian in order to inform the employer of their decision for their child to work in Canada. A written consent should feature;
- the child’s date of birth and,
- a confirmation that the parent or guardian is in accordance with the type of work, location, and work hours, that the job requires
2. What is the age limit to work according to Canada Labour Code?
- 17 years old
3. How old can a child work in Canada?
This depends on your province or territory:
- Alberta – young people of at least 12 years old can work in Alberta
- British Columbia – children under the age of 12 are permitted to work in British Columbia
- Manitoba – young people of at least 16 years old can work in Manitoba
- New Brunswick – children that are under the age of 14 can work in New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia – young people that are below 14 years old are allowed to work in Nova Scotia
- Ontario – young people of up to 14 years old are permitted to work in Ontario
- Prince Edward – young people that are below 16 years old can work in Prince Edward Province
- Quebec – children that are under 14 years old are permitted to work in Quebec