Alberta Population – Historic Growth Rate And Present

Immigrants in Alberta comprise both those from the foreign countries and those from other provinces of Canada.

Canada is a country with a good population. In Canada, there are many provinces with different numbers of population. A province like Alberta has its population which can be seen as Alberta population. 

The number of people in a geographical area is the population of that area. So the number of people in Alberta is the Alberta population.

Moreover, Alberta is a province in Canada. It is one of the provinces that has a fast growing population. This is because the rate of people coming into this province is more than people going out of the province. This means that immigrants are more than emigrants in Alberta, Canada. 

Immigrants in Alberta comprise both those from the foreign countries and those from other provinces of Canada.

However, international students add to the increasing number of Alberta population. Despite this, students from other provinces of Canada like to settle in Alberta for their educational career. Hence, making the Alberta population a top notch to consider. 

Therefore, in this article, we are going to consider Alberta population, history of Alberta population, population of international students, population of immigrants, growth rate and the present population in Alberta.

In this article

Alberta Population 2021

Alberta is the 4th most populated province in Canada. It has a population of over 4 million people. The province’s population accounts for 11.57 percent of the country’s population. 

Therefore, Alberta is home to the 4th and 5th most populated cities in Canada, Calgary and Edmonton. Alberta’s capital city is Edmonton.

Edmonton is also one of the top 10 biggest cities in Canada. Alberta is one of the thirteen provinces in Canada located on the west side of Canada with an area size of 640,081 km2.

Besides, Alberta’s population is estimated to reach 4,507,316 that is around 4.5 million by the end of 2021.The calculation is based on the average growth rate of 2.15% over the last 10 years since 2011.

Population Growth Rate of Alberta

Population growth rate is the expression of change in population size over time.

Therefore, from the last 10 years of Alberta’s population, the growth rate is very consistent and strong ranging from 2.05% to 2.31%, adding around 83,933 to 86,922 people each year to the overall population in Alberta.

This is because lots of workers were moving to Alberta to take advantage of employment opportunities there, which contributes to the population growth.

On the other hand, Alberta is a very popular city for immigrants, both international immigrants and national immigrants. 

Alberta Population Growth Rate Is Expressed in Table Below.

Year    Population    Growth Rate

2011    3,645,257    n/a

2012    3,729,640    2.31%

2013    3,814,337    2.27%

2014    3,897,686    2.19%

2015    3,982,698    2.18%

2016    4,067,175    2.12%

2017    4,151,108    2.06%

2018    4,236,325    2.05%

2019    4,323,247    2.14%

2020    4,412,305    2.06%

Cities in Alberta And Their Population 


Calgary is the largest city with an estimated population of 1.1 million and a metropolitan population of 1.21 million. This makes it the third-largest municipality and the 5th largest census metropolitan area (CMA) in the country.


Edmonton is the capital of Alberta and located on the North Saskatchewan River. As the second-largest city in Alberta and the fifth-largest metropolitan area in the country, Edmonton had a population of 815,000 in 2014.

The Edmonton CMA has a population of 1.16 million. It is the northernmost city in North America with a metro population of at least one million.

Red Deer

Red Deer, in central Alberta, is the third largest city and it’s located midway in the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor. Red Deer is the center for agriculture and oil distribution in the country with an estimated population of 98,000.


Lethbridge is the 4th most populous city in Alberta and located in Southern Alberta, southeast of Calgary with an estimated population of 90,000.

Demographics of Alberta

About 81% of Alberta’s population lives in an urban area with just 19% in the rural areas. The most urbanized area is the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor, which is also one of the most densely populated areas in all of Canada.

In 2006, the racial and ethnic composition of Alberta was 80.3% white, 13.9% belonging to a visible minority group and 5.8% Aboriginal (3% First Nations, 2.6% Metis, 0.1% other Aboriginal). Visible minority groups include:

  • Chinese: 3.7%
  • South Asian: 3.2%
  • Filipino: 1.6%
  • Black: 1.4%
  • Southeast Asian: 0.9%
  • Latin American: 0.8%
  • Arab: 0.8%
  • Korean: 0.4%
  • West Asian: 0.3%
  • Japanese: 0.3

Alberta is very ethnically diverse, with many immigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Germany, France, Ukraine and Scandinavia.

The province also has the second-highest percentage of Francophones (French speakers) in western Canada at 2%, most of whom live in the northwestern and central part of the province.

It’s also the third most diverse province in terms of visible minorities. The most common ancestry/ethnic groups in the province include, in order of size, European, British Isles, English, Western Europe, other North American, German, Canadian, Scottish, Eastern European, Irish, French and Ukrainian.

Native Languages Spoken in Alberta include:

  • English: 80%
  • Chinese 3%
  • German: 2.6%
  • French: 1.9%
  • Punjabi: 1.1%
  • Tagalog: 0.9%
  • Ukrainian: 0.9%
  • Spanish: 0.9%
  • Polish: 0.7%
  • Arabic: 0.6%
  • Dutch: 0.6% Other languages include Vietnamese, Cree (an Aboriginal language), Italian, Urdu, Korean, Hindi, Persian, Portuguese and Hungarian.

Population Density of Alberta

The land area of Alberta is 640,330.46 square kilometres and the population density was 6.4 people per square kilometre according to the 2016 census. 

Open Table for Alberta Population Density Ranking

Rank      City                    2016 Census

1           Calgary             1,237,656

2           Edmonton          1,062,643

3           Red Deer.            99,718

  1.         Lethbridge         87,572

5           Fort McMurray    66,573

6           Medicine Hat       62,935

7           Grande Prairie       62,320

8           Airdrie.                 61,082

9           Spruce Grove         36,125

10         Lloydminster (Alberta/Saskatchewan)      31,400

11         Leduc.                  29,556

  1.         Okotoks             28,833

13         Cochrane            25,289

14        Fort Saskatchewan    23,895

15         Chestermere        19,472

16         Camrose             18,520

17         Beaumont           17,396

18        Stony Plain          16,271

19        Sylvan Lake.         14,942

  1.       Brooks.             14,436

Population Of Immigrants in Alberta From 2010 to 2020

Alberta is one the provinces in Canada that serves a home for many immigrants. There are people from different countries and within other provinces of Canada that come into Alberta for one reason or the other.

Some come for studies  while some come for jobs or business purposes. So the number of immigrants and range of years they came in are shown below. 

View Table Year Range - Number of immigrants

2019-2020      35,519

2018-2019            40,732

2017-2018      38,697

2016-2017         44,089

2015-2016      57,841

2014-2015          39,587

2013-2014         41,004

2012-2013      36,794                              

2011-2012.        34,541

2010-2011           30,451

2009-2010         30,005

Categories of Immigrants to Alberta

There are four main categories of immigrants to Alberta. They are 

  • Economic Immigrants – Canadian experience class, skilled workers and business people.
  • Principal immigrants – people who moved for study purpose
  • Secondary Immigrants – dependents
  • Family Class members – closely related persons of Canadian residents living in Canada

Other Immigrants are:

  • Humanitarian and Compassionate applicants – people accepted as immigrants on humanitarian grounds

Alberta Population Projection

By 2046, Alberta’s population is expected to reach almost 6.4 million people, an increase of roughly 1.9 million people from 2020, as arrivals from other countries account for about 54% of the expected growth over the projection period.

The population becomes more concentrated in urban centres, especially along the Edmonton-Calgary Corridor, 80% of Albertans are expected to live in this region by 2046.

Alberta Population By Age 

By 2016 census the Population from 0 to 14 years are 779,155, 15 to 64 years are 2,787,805, 65 years and over are 500,215, 85 years and over are 63,385.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many people in Alberta have been vaccinated against COVID 19?

About 3,243,763 people have received at least one dose People  

What are the top 3 cities in Alberta by Population?

  • Calgary, with the largest population of 1,392,609 
  • Edmonton    follows with a population of     1,321,426
  • Red Deer    with a population of 99,718

How many international students are in Alberta?

There are over 7,200 international students in Alberta, Canada. 

What is the Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP)?

The Alberta Immigrant Nominee Program (AINP) is an economic immigration program that nominates people for permanent residence in Alberta.

Nominees must have skills to fill job shortages or be planning to buy or start a business in Alberta. They must also be able to provide for their families. The program is run by the governments of Alberta and Canada.

What is the eligibility for Albert immigrants nominees program [ AINP] ?

  • Foreign graduates from outside of Canada can apply for permanent residence.
  • Experienced farmers who plan to buy or start a farm in Alberta can apply for permanent residence.
  • International graduates of approved Alberta post-secondary institutions who want to start a business or buy an existing business can submit an Expression of Interest (EOI).