Belgium Employment Visa – Eligibility, Application, Processing Time

Do you need a Belgium employment visa? Find out which of them is best for you, including the steps and documents.

If you wish to obtain a Belgium employment visa, you must first find a job in the country. With a job, you can apply for either a work or a residence permit in Belgium.

Belgium has become an ideal destination for international business because of its dynamic labor force. However, suppose you want to move to the country as an employee. In that case, you need to acquire a suitable visa and work permit to make you work legally. For that reason, a Belgium employment visa is all you need to make this dream a reality.

In this article, we have compiled all you need to know about Belgium employment visa, including the types and requirements. Dive in as we take you on the journey!

What are the Types of Belgium Employment Visas?

As a foreign national, you will meet three kinds of work visas in Belgium. Here are they:

  • Work Permit Type A: You can only acquire this permit if you have held a Type B permit for four years. This must also mean that you have stayed in Belgium for an uninterrupted ten years. You can hold a Type A work permit for an indefinite period.
  • Work Permit Type B: As a foreign national, you are eligible to hold this work permit if the position you apply for cannot be filled by a Belgian. It is renewable and valid for a year.
  • Work Permit Type C: You can obtain this work permit if you are a student or temporary visitor. It is only valid for one year.

In addition, Type B work permit is the most common. You will need this particular work permit to remain and work in Belgium. You will also need a residence visa to stay in the country.

Do you need a Belgium Employment Visa?

It would be best if you had a visa to work in Belgium as a foreign worker under an employment contract. This rule only applies to the nationals of countries outside the EU/EEA and Switzerland.

Therefore, if you are a non-EU/EEA citizen, you must get a Belgium employment visa to work in the country. Firstly, you must apply for a long-stay visa to go to Belgium. Upon your arrival, you will need a residence permit with work rights.

Can you work in Belgium without a Visa?

Without a visa or work permit, EU/EEA and Switzerland nationals are eligible to work in Belgium visa and work permit free. Further, US, Japan, Canada, New Zealand, Israel and Australia citizens can obtain work and residence permits after arriving in Belgium, even without a visa.

What are the requirements to acquire a Belgium Employment Visa?

Belgium belongs to the European Union (EU). So, citizens of other EU member states can work there without a work permit. Again, the EEA (European Economic Area) and Switzerland citizens are exempt from the work permit. Aside from that, anyone else must acquire a work permit.

Your Belgian employer has to acquire a Type B work permit for you. Besides, to get a Belgium employment visa, you will need to show the documents below:

  1. A valid passport
  2. Proof of lodging in Belgium
  3. Proof of sufficient financial resources
  4. A work permit
  5. Proof of criminal record
  6. Medical certificate

What is the Belgium Employment Visa Process?

You will require a work permit and a visa to live and work in Belgium. Your employer has to apply for your work permit. However, before they can do that, they must prove that no Belgian is qualified for the job position they are offering you. When your employer satisfies this condition, they can proceed with the application process. Here are the simple steps to carry it out:

  • You are to find a job in Belgium.
  • Your employer applies for your Belgium employment visa at the Belgian immigration.
  • When the immigration authorities approve the application, they will forward the application to the Belgian Embassy in your country of residence.
  • You can visit the Belgian embassy to apply for your residence visa.
  • You can put yourself together and move to Belgium with your visa and permit.
  • Upon arrival in Belgium, you must register your presence with the appropriate authorities while recording your residential address.
  • You apply for your ID card.
  • You collect your ID card and supply your fingerprints. Again, your identity card will act as your residence permit.

After going through these steps, you can proceed to work in your Belgian company.

What is the Belgium Employment Visa Processing Time?

To apply for a Belgium work permit may take around eight to ten weeks. However, your employer and the company may determine how long it can take.

What is the cost of obtaining a Belgium Work Visa?

The employment visa to Belgium costs €180, which applies to all kinds of long-stay visas. Moreover, the cost is for each individual, and the employer takes care of it. Thus, when submitting your visa application at the Belgian Immigration Office, your employer pays the fees too.

Can you bring your Family with you to Belgium?

Yes, you are eligible to bring your family with you to Belgium. Nevertheless, it would be best if you first found an appropriate accommodation for yourself and your family. You must show proof that you can financially sustain your family in Belgium. One more thing, you will need a separate visa to invite your family to Belgium. That is called Visa Type D, which is for family reunification. To apply for it, they must visit the Belgian embassy in their country of residence.

How long can you work in Belgium with an Employment Visa?

Most European countries offer work visa that is valid for only one year. Nevertheless, you can extend your work visa if applicable. To renew your Belgium employment visa, you must step down to the immigration office closest to you. After staying and working in the country for five years, you can apply for your permanent residence (work permit Type A). With this, you are eligible to live permanently and work in Belgium.

Further Essential Information about Belgium Employment Visa

For your employer to sponsor you in Belgium, the company must be registered and incorporated in Belgium. Additionally, after working four years in ten years in Belgium, you will be suitable for a Type A work permit. For this type of visa, you can apply for it yourself, unlike the Type B permit.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I get a work visa for Belgium?

To obtain a Belgium employment visa, you must make available the following documents:

  • A valid passport (with a copy of each page)
  • Proof of housing in Belgium
  • Proof of adequate financial resources
  • A police background check
  • A medical certificate
  • A work permit

How long does it take to get a Belgian work permit?

It will take about eight to 10 weeks to get a Belgium work permit if your proposed company is duly registered.

Can you work in Belgium with the English language?

English language skills are essential for living and working in Belgium. In addition, the probability of your speaking the language in the specific area you will be working in is high. However, most global firms require the English language as their official language.

How can I get permanent residency in Belgium?

You can apply for permanent residency in Belgium after living in the country for five years. With the permanent residence status, you can stay as long as you wish in the country. Besides, you will enjoy the same status as the citizens of Belgium. The PR is valid for five years and after renewal.

Is Belgium visa challenging to get?

There is no definitive answer to this. However, Belgium has a relatively high percentage of refusals – as high as 16.9%. This is the highest rate in the whole of the Schengen Area. Not to discourage you, you also have an 83.1% chance of receiving a Schengen Visa.


It is pretty easy to obtain a Belgium employment visa. However, you must meet the specific requirements to achieve that. Additionally, it would be best if you had employment in Belgium. Your employer would acquire the visa on your behalf. Hopefully, this guide offers you all the information you desire. Have the best of luck!