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Belgium Residence Permit – Eligibility, Application, Processing Time

You need a Belgium residence permit to live, work and study there. Find out how!

Do you want to acquire the Belgium residence permit to enable you to live in the country? Are you planning to work in Belgium and must be legally fit for the working conditions? Would you want to know what it would take you to fulfill this dream?

The Belgium residence permit is for foreign citizens other than the EU citizens who wish to live there. You will need to apply for this card before you can live in Belgium for some time or indefinitely. But if you are a European national, you must present your passport at the immigration, and you will enter Belgium.

If you need to know more about the Belgium residence permit, including the requirements, how to apply for it, and processing time, this guide is for you. Follow us as we answer your questions and give you tips that would guide your application.

What are the Types of Belgium Residence Permits?

There are two kinds of residence permits to enable you to remain in Belgium for over 90 days. They are:

Belgium temporary residence permit and Belgium permanent residence permit.

#1. Belgium Temporary Residence Permit

You need the Belgium temporary residence permit if you want to remain in Belgium for not less than 90 days. It is also known as the Type D visa or long-stay visa. If you hold this permit, you can live, study and work in Belgium for up to five years.

Types of Belgium Temporary Residence Permit

There are three types of Belgium temporary residence permit, and they are:

  • Residence permit for work
  • Residence permit for studying
  • Family reunion residence permit

#2. Belgium Permanent Residence Permit

Once you complete a five-year cycle with your temporary residence permit, you can apply for a permanent residence permit. Obtaining this permit allows you to live in Belgium indefinitely. With it, you can enjoy the rights and benefits the nationals enjoy. Moreover, it is valid for five years, after which you can renew it.

What are the Relevant Documents for obtaining a Belgium residence Permit?

To apply for a Belgium residence permit, you will need to provide the following documents:

  1. Application form: You must download the application form for a long-stay visa. After that, you can print and fill it out.
  2. Valid passport: Your passport must be valid for the length of time you are to stay in Belgium.
  3. Two recent passport photos: They must meet the conditions of the Schengen visa photo.
  4. Medical insurance: Your health insurance must cover you for the period you will stay in Belgium.
  5. Evidence of marital status: They include documents like your marriage or divorce certificate.
  6. Proof of housing in Belgium: They include documents that show your accommodation, whether rented or living with someone.
  7. Proof of financial resources: This is evidence that you can care for yourself in Belgium. They include a personal bank statement, a document showing you are employed and that your employer pays you, etc.
  8. Police clearance certificate: This document contains proof that you are of good conduct and have no criminal conviction.

What is the Processing Fee for the Belgium Temporary Residence Permit?

If you are to acquire a Belgium residence permit (temporary), you will pay two different fees. Here is the breakdown:

  • Type D visa – €180
  • Residence certificate – €20

How do you register for a Belgium Residence Permit?

Upon arriving in Belgium, you will need to register your residence permit at the City office (Stadskantoor). Ensure to do it within the first eight days of your arrival. The necessary documents to carry out the registration include:

  • Your national passport
  • A recent passport-sized photo: They have a photo booth where you can take the photo if you don’t have any handy one. However, it is not free.
  • Supporting documents like your birth certificate, marriage certificate, etc. Your immigration status will determine the documents to present t the office.
  • Proof of accommodation
  • Any additional documents

Is the Belgium Temporary Residence Permit Renewable?

You can renew your resident permit. Nevertheless, your residential status will determine the documents for the renewal. In that case, if you are:

  • working in Belgium is on a host of agreements, you will submit documents according to the contract
  • working in Belgium on a single permit, you will need the consent of the immigration to renew the Belgium resident permit
  • studying in Belgium, you will need to submit certain documents about your study. They include:
  • valid national identity card
  • proof of financial sustenance
  • new registration of your institution
  • the standard form for your school’s study progress
  • your grade transcript
  • proof of health insurance
  • living in Belgium through family reunification, you will bring such documents as proof of financial sustenance, health insurance, police clearance certificate, etc.

Can I apply for a Temporary Residence Permit while in Belgium?

If you are already in Belgium, you can apply for a temporary residence permit from your local city hall. You must contact them and book an appointment. You must meet up with time on the appointment day while submitting your documents.

Belgium Permanent Residence

Suppose you are a citizen of EUEEA or Switzerland and want to travel to Belgium. In that case, you can get your permanent residence once you reside in the country for five straight years. Thus, you will go to the local city hall and apply for your permanent residence permit. With this status, you can live in Belgium for as long as you wish. However, you must renew the card every five years to keep enjoying the class.

On the other hand, if you are a Non-EU/EEA or Swiss national, you must apply for a permanent residence permit after living in Belgium for five years. You will go to the local municipal office close to you and apply for your permanent residency. The office will send your application assessment to the Immigration Office. If the review outcome is positive, you will get your residence card, qualifying you to live in Belgium permanently. Nonetheless, you must renew it every five years to retain your permanent residence status.

What are the Types of Belgium Permanent Residency?

Having lived in Belgium for five years, you are eligible to apply for permanent residency. There are different types of residence based on your country and status. They are:

  • E+F+cards: This applies to only the EU/EEA and Swiss citizens. If you have the E+, you will get registered in the civil registry.

The F+ is for any family members who came to Belgium through you. They will receive the card once they complete five years in Belgium.

  • B, C, and D: This applies to Non-EU citizens. The Type B residence card permits you to stay outside Belgium for one year after obtaining your E+ card. If you spend more than one year outside Belgium, you can lose your residence status.

You can only apply for Type C if you have Type B. Type C gives you the right to various welfare assistance.

To qualify for Type D, you must have a monthly income of €700+ (€264+ for dependents) and health insurance. With it, you can leave the country for up to six years, but it must be within an EU country.

Are you eligible to travel during your Belgium Residence Permit Application Process?

The Belgium visa is a multiple-entry visa, which confers you the status to leave and re-enter the country. However, it would be best if you did it during the validity of the visa. Also, the Immigration Authorities may ask you to remain in the country, even though your visa is valid. So, for your safety, inquire about your travel rights when submitting the Belgium residence permit application.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Belgium easy to immigrate to?

Belgium has a strict immigration policy in contrast to other European countries. Therefore, it may not be easy to scale through your application.

How can I get Belgian permanent citizenship?

Once you complete a five-year cycle with your temporary residence permit, you can apply for a permanent residence permit. Obtaining this permit allows you to live in Belgium indefinitely. With it, you can enjoy the rights and benefits the nationals enjoy. Moreover, it is valid for five years, after which you can renew it.

In addition, you must have worked for the past five years or taken an integration course, which shows your knowledge of Belgian laws.

What is a D card in Belgium?

To qualify for a Type D card, you must have a monthly income of €700+ (€264+ for dependents) and health insurance. With it, you can leave the country for up to six years, but it must be within an EU country.

Can I travel with a Belgium residence permit?

You do not need a Belgium residence permit to travel since you have your passport. So, traveling with your passport is enough for you.

Does Belgium speak English?

The English language is not the official language of the Belgians. However, over half of the population still speaks the English language. So, yes, Belgium speaks the English language.

Conclusion

It would be best if you had a Belgium residence permit to live, work and study in the country. However, you should understand the type of permit you need at each point so that you can fit in perfectly.