New analysis shows that since January and now, there are now over a hundred economic immigration pathways in Canada.
The federal government of Canada and its provinces and territories have been making great strides over the past thirty years with the introduction of many economic immigration pathways.
The objective: Provide a variety of immigration pathways so that Canada can meet the needs of a big number of prospective immigrants who, in turn, can bring a variety of skills and contribute to the economic growth country.
Canada’s immigration system welcomes new immigrants through three main avenues: as economic immigrants bringing both capital and labour skill, as family members sponsored under the family reunification programs, and as refugees who are accepted into the country on humanitarian and compassionate grounds.
The economic class accounts for the biggest share of immigration to Canada, with about Six (6) in Ten (10) immigrants nominated for their positive impact on the economy. Many economic immigrants are highly skilled workers who apply from overseas, as well as international students and highly skilled temporary workers already living in Canada.
Those interested in becoming Canadian permanent residents can lodge a profile to the Express Entry pool, where they are electronically screened for eligibility to one of the three major economic immigration programs—the Federal Skilled Trades Class, Federal Skilled Worker Class and Canadian Experience Class.
Eligible candidates who are added into the Express Entry pool are ranked based on a score allotted under what is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System.
The CRS awards point for factors that include age, educational qualification, skilled work experience and abilities in English or French, which are both the official languages of Canada, as well as other requirements.
In addition, the federal government of Canada has a host of pilot streams that fall under the economic category such as the Agri-Food Immigration Pilot, the Atlantic Immigration Pilot Program, and the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot.
A growing number of newcomers are being admitted through PNPs
Canada’s Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) has grown remarkably since its introduction in the 1990s and has now become the second most important pathway for foreign skilled workers to obtain Canada immigration, after the Express Entry system.
In 1996, only 233 new immigrants were admitted to Canada via the PNP. Today, admission target levels for the program are set at over 60,000.
The PNP permits participating Canadian provinces and territories to select a set amount of immigration candidates for Canadian permanent residence each year through its own program.
Each of these programs is configured to provide Canadian provinces, particularly smaller ones struggling to bring in immigrants, with greater flexibility and the ability to align economic immigration to their specific labour market requirements and overall economic development priorities.
All Canadian provinces and territories with a Provincial Nominee Program have at least one “enhanced” nomination stream that is aligned to the federal Express Entry system.
Express Entry candidates who got a provincial nomination are granted an additional 600 points toward their CRS score, which practically assures them for an invitation to apply (ITA) for permanent residence of Canada.
Recent weeks have seen PNP streams in Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, Prince Edward Island and Ontario sent out more than 2,500 invitations to highly skilled workers with professional experience to apply for a nomination for Canadian immigration.
Earlier this week, Canada also featured two Express Entry draws.
This year, Canada aims to welcome about 200,000 new immigrants through its more than 100 economic immigration streams, of which nearly 90,000 are expected to arrive through its three main Express Entry programs and 65,000 through Provincial Nominee Programs.