Canada’s Population On The Rise- Growth Dominated By Immigration

Immigration activities have massively increased Canada’s population to an all high, in the history of the country this last year according to the most recent reports from Statistics Canada.

Apparently, growth is dominated by immigration. Canada’s population rose by 531,497 to 37,589,262 between July 2018 and July 2019, with immigration recording about 82.2 per cent of the growth.

The growth of 1.4 per cent – which account for more than one person per minute – was the largest since 1990.

It is also the biggest among all G7 countries, more than double the rate of 0.6 per cent seen by both the United States and the United Kingdom.

Canada's Population Growth

Natural increases, or the differences between births and deaths, amounted to just 17.8 per cent of the increase.

Figures reveal Canada welcomes 313,580 immigrants in the One year period – which is among the highest annual immigration intakes in the history of the country.

Even though more immigrants (323,192) were received in 2015/2016, that number included roughly 30,000 Syrian refugees. Temporary permanent residents grew by 171,536 in 2018/2019 – the highest increase in Canadian history.

Gains were mainly led by increases in the study and work permit holders, while there was also fast growth in asylum claimants.

Provincial Population Growth

Some provinces in Canada recorded population growth rarely seen before. Prince Edward Island, for instance, saw the largest provincial population increase in the country, with a 2.2 per cent increase.

Quebec’s growth of 1.2 per cent was the highest in thirty (30) years, while Ontario recorded once of its biggest-ever increases of 1.7 per cent.

Alberta also saw growth of 1.6 per cent, triggered partly by positive inter-provincial migration.

Newfoundland & Labrador, on the other hand, remained the exception, posting a population reduction for a third consecutive year, this time of 0.8 per cent.

Canada's Population

Historical Background of Provincial Involvement in Immigration

Quebec laid the groundwork for immigration activities among the provinces in Canada. Concerned by its low birth rate, ageing labour force and the possibility that it would see its francophone character—and population weight and influence—within Canada gradually decline, Quebec established the country’s first provincial immigration ministry in 1968 to bring more francophone immigrant. The rest of Canada’s provinces became more interested in the immigration system in the decades to follow, with the 1990s and 2000s seeing the most excessive period of provincial activity.

The pioneering of the Provincial Nominee Program in 1998 was one of the most vital developments in Canadian immigration history. A joint effort by the federal government and provinces, the PNP allow jurisdictions across Canada to solve their demographic and workforce requirements by allowing them to organise their economic class immigrant selection criteria.

At the time of the PNP’s launch, Quebec, Ontario, and British Columbia dominated Canada’s immigrant intake while the Atlantic and Prairie provinces were the “have nots” of immigration. This became an issue because the Prairie provinces needed labour to support their developing economies while the Atlantic provinces required people to alleviate their population challenges.

The federal government allots PNP allocations to each province based on its annual immigration levels strategy and consultations with the provinces. The PNP has proven to be most crucial in the Atlantic provinces, Saskatchewan and Manitoba —all six provinces depend on the PNP for the lion’s share of their economic class immigrant intake.

This is because the Provincial Nominee Program allows them to specifically target immigrants that meet their labour requirements and few immigrants nominated by the federal government choose to land in these provinces.