Here’s How To Become A Canadian Permanent Resident!

Learn about the hows and steps to become a PR in Canada, and rights you’ll have.

Canada is a major destinations for many immigrants. Its reputation for economic stability and cultural diversity has often led to an increase in the number of immigrants who call it home. Below are some of the pathway to becoming a Canadian permanent resident. The process can be fast for others and can as well be slow for other people.

This process can be achieved either directly from abroad or inside Canada by applying to one of Canada’s multiple economic immigration programs.

However, many who obtained permanent residence first come to Canada as a temporary resident (Work Permit or Study Permit holder).

The experience acquired in Canada as a temporary resident also counts towards a permanent residence application.

Canada’s immigration programs, to become a Canadian permanent resident directly can be split down into three main categories:

  • Economic Class
  • Family Class
  • Business Class

Depending on your qualifications or credentials, the first step is to decide which class you best fit in or most likely to succeed in.

Each class includes several immigration programs targeted at bringing in people who are most likely to integrate quickly.

Do I Qualify for Economic Class Immigration?

Canada is already on course in recruiting more Economic Class immigrants than any other category over the next three years.

Canada is aiming at bringing about 191,600 by 2019, rising to 202,300 by 2021. Applicants are advised to consider the Economic Class for their immigration project. The Federal economic immigration program operates using the Express Entry system.

What is the Express Entry?

Express Entry system is a management portal used by Canada for its economic immigration programs. Canada’s federal economic immigration programs are:

Express Entry also includes applicants for some provincial nominee programs.

What Is the Express Entry Process?

  • Candidates enter the Express Entry pool by lodging a valid profile
  • Each profile in the pool is ranked using a Comprehensive Ranking System
  • The highest scoring candidates are invited to apply (ITA) through regular Express Entry draws, usually fortnightly.
  • Candidates who receive an invitation to Apply must submit a full application within a strict delay of Sixty (60) days.

The target processing time from getting an Express Entry invitation (ITA) is six (6) months for the majority of candidates.

What If I am not eligible for Express Entry?

Candidates who are not eligible for one reason or the other can consider a provincial immigration program. Canada’s provinces have other programs targeting many specific labour market priorities.

These ranges from tech workers in Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec to long-haul truck drivers in Saskatchewan and medical practitioners in the Atlantic provinces.

Majority of the provincial immigration programs require an employment offer to be eligible although some provinces have targeted lists of occupations in demand which open and close, normally in less than one day.

If you are not eligible for a provincial program, you may consider the work permit route. You could initially come to Canada temporarily through the popular Study Permit stream or the Temporary Foreign Worker Program. You could then change to permanent residence later.

How Do I Qualify for The Family Class?

Family reunification is one of the main pillars of Canada’s immigration program. The Canada’s federal government is planning to welcome about 88,500 family sponsorship immigrants in 2019, rising to 91,000 by 2021.

Who Can Be Sponsored Under the Family Class immigration program?

  • Spouse
  • Common law partner
  • Dependent children
  • Parents
  • Grandparents
  • Brothers or sisters, nieces or nephews, grandsons or granddaughters who are orphaned, under eighteen (18) years of age and not married or in a legal relationship
  • Accompanying relatives of the above individuals (for example, spouse, common-law partner and dependent children).

Each sponsorship category has its own requirements and processing times. Those who could not meet the requirements or conditions should consider the Economic Class.

Can a Canadian permanent resident travel to USA?

Yes, a Canadian permanent resident can travel to the United States. However, they must have a valid travel document, such as a Permanent Resident Card (PR card), and meet all other requirements for entry. If they have been away from Canada for more than two years, they may need to apply for a Temporary Resident Permit. For more information, please consult the website of the United States Embassy or Consulate in Canada.

What are visa free countries for Canadian permanent residents?

Canada is a visa-free country for many nationalities. That means that Canadian citizens and permanent residents can travel to these countries without a visa. However, there are some restrictions. For example, visa-free countries may only allow you to stay for a certain period of time, or they may require you to have a return ticket.

Additionally, visa-free travel may only be granted for business or pleasure, not for work or study purposes. Nevertheless, being a Canadian permanent resident gives you the opportunity to travel visa-free to many different countries. Here is a list of just some of the visa-free countries that you can visit as a Canadian permanent resident:

  • Argentina
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Brazil
  • Bulgaria

What are the differences between Canadian citizen vs permanent resident?

Canadian citizens and permanent residents are both legally recognized as members of Canadian society but Canadian citizens have a few advantages over permanent residents.

For example, Canadian citizens can vote in Canadian elections and hold office, while permanent residents cannot. Canadian citizens can also apply for a Canadian passport, which gives them the right to travel to and live in other countries.

Permanent residents can apply for a permanent resident card, which allows them to live and work in Canada but does not provide the same travel privileges as a passport. In addition, Canadian citizens are not required to renew their citizenship, while permanent residents must renew their residency every five years.

Finally, if a Canadian citizen commits a crime, they can only be deported to another country if they have been convicted of an offense that is punishable by imprisonment for five years or more. Permanent residents, on the other hand, can be deported for any criminal conviction.

These are just a few of the differences between Canadian citizens and permanent residents. For more information, please consult the website of Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).