How Do I Get Canadian Citizenship For My U.S.-born Child?

Are you a Canadian Citizen? Do you know you can pass on Canadian Citizenship to your U.S.-born child?

Canada’s immigration department, also known as IRCC, allows citizenship to be automatically passed down to the first generation born outside of the country. At least one biological or legal parent needs to be a citizen of Canada at the time of the baby’s birth.

You may also be qualified to apply for a Proof of Citizenship for yourself if you were born in the United States and one of your parents was Canadian.

To get citizenship status for your U.S.-born child, you have to apply for a Proof of Citizenship, also known as a Canadian citizenship certificate.

Immigration, Refugee, and Citizenship Canada’s website says the application costs about $75 CAD and takes about five months to process. The immigration department may be able to fast track processing in urgent cases.

If you can get the certificate, your child will benefit from the benefits that come with being Canadian and will be exempt from COVID-19 travel restrictions.

That being said, being a Canadian does not guarantee that your child will be eligible to apply for Proof of Citizenship. Certain factors could affect your eligibility for passing on Canadian citizenship such as how and when you acquired Canadian citizenship.

When you lodge the application your documents will need to be explicitly clear, easy-to-read, and in color. IRCC will request for the original birth certificate that shows the name of the Canadian parent.

You may also need other proof that at least one parent was a Canadian citizen at the time of birth. This could include the parent’s citizenship document, birth certificate, or any other evidence that indicates the parent’s Canadian status.

If for some reason, the parent’s name was not indicated on the birth certificate, IRCC will accept birth records and documents showing the name of the Canadian parent. These may be pre-birth orders, surrogacy agreements, court orders, or hospital records among other important documents. Adoption orders are not accepted in this case.

IRCC may also request for an explanation as to why the Canadian parent’s name is not indicated on the applicant’s birth certificate, or why the birth certificate was replaced or changed. If you are not sure, explain why.

When IRCC receives your completed application they will forward to you an “acknowledgment of receipt.” If they find that your application is incomplete they will return it back to you and then you will have a chance to fill in the missing information.

If your application is in order and they are satisfied with it, then they will send the citizenship certificate and you will have your Proof of Citizenship.

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