The UK is launching a Canadian-style points-based immigration system, but there are some notable differences.
The New British immigration system is the result of ideas put together in 2019 when Prime Minister Boris Johnson campaigned for work visas to be reserved for foreign nationals with at least the equivalent of secondary education, a sound level of English, a minimum annual wage and a promise of employment.
In changing its immigration system, the United Kingdom will give priority to highly skilled workers, such as those with academic, scientific, and technology-related qualifications.
Here is the new British points-based immigration system breakdown (70 points needed):
- Job offer *required (at least 20 points);
- Job has a relevant skill level *required (at least 20 points);
- English language knowledge * required (at least 10 points);
- Job has a salary of £23, 040- £25, 599 (minimum of 10 points);
- Job has a salary of over £25, 600 (minimum of 20 points);
- Job on shortage occupation list (minimum of 20 points)
- An applicant with a PhD (10 points); and
- An applicant with a PhD in science, technology, math and engineering (minimum of 20 points).
How The New British Immigration Compares To The Canadian System
There are both notable differences and similarities between the new British system and the one that Canada has in place.
Canada’s immigration system also allot points for specific skills, occupations and fixed jobs, but takes into account a broad range of other qualifications such as age, work experience, or adaptability profiles of skilled workers applying for permanent resident (PR) status.
Highly skilled foreign workers who have never lived in Canada before and who lodged a profile via the Express Entry—an immigration application management system—under the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) for example, must score at least Sixty-seven (67) points for factors such as:
- Language skills (twenty-eight points);
- Work experience (fifteen points);
- Education (twenty-five points);
- Age (twelve points);
- Arranged employment in Canada (ten points); and
- Adaptability (ten points).
In order to be eligible for Canadian immigration in the economic class, it is not compulsory to have a job offer or a certain salary threshold.
Also, in-Canada immigration people with work experience in any skilled occupation could be invited to apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry system. Canada has both federal and provincial economic immigration gateways, and each has its own unique work experience requirements. Some Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are open to individuals in specific lines of work that support regional labor needs.
The federal Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), which determines applicant’s position in the pool, only consider the amount of full-time, or equivalent part-time, work experience and whether their occupations is considered “skilled.”
Eligible occupations are those rated skill type 0 (managerial), skill level A (professional) or skill level B (technical) under Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC).
The candidate’s actual job sector is not taken into consideration by the CRS and they do not factor into who is invited to apply for permanent residence through the Express Entry system.
Other immigration streams such as the Atlantic Immigration Pilot, require work experience of skill type/level 0, A, B, or C (intermediate).
Whereas candidates who have level C or D (labor work) skill level jobs may be able to come to Canada as provincial nominees with all skill levels.
Because Canada has a small population and an aging labor force, it aspire to make it as easy as possible for immigrants to access the workforce and permanent resident status.
Canada has invested a great amount of effort in recent 20 years to develop and offer a wide range of immigration gateways to ensure that it can meet the needs of a larger number of prospective immigrants. Immigrants who, in turn, can bring a variety of skills and make enormous contributions to a growing range of sectors and markets.
It is the responsibility of every nation to develop immigration policies that it believes are in its best interests. The imminent British immigration reforms and their impact will be interesting to follow and examine in the coming months and years.