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How To Immigrate To Canada From The U.S

Over 10,000 U.S. citizens and residents migrate northward every year to settle in Canada through the Express Entry immigration program. In fact, the United States is the second most popular source country among Express Entry immigrants.

Between 2017 and 2019, the percentage of Express Entry candidates whose country of residence is the United States almost doubled from Seven (7) per cent to twelve (12) per cent.

This is according to the 2019 Express Entry Yearly Report. The report discovers eighty-five (85) per cent of these immigrants are non-U.S. citizens.

Earlier this year, United States President Donald Trump stopped immigration into the U.S until the end of the year, including issuance of green cards and H1-B visas: the visa rolled out to foreign high-skilled specialty workers.

The Trump government also recently announced major changes to the H1-B Visa Program, which would possibly make it difficult for immigrants to get new visas.

Employers are now required to pay foreign workers significantly higher wages. This may prevent employers from choosing to hire foreign skilled workers and may look within the United States.

With the uncertainty surrounding over some U.S. residents about their immigration status, it may come as no surprise that many have shifted their attention to Canada.

Canada is known for being one of the most welcoming countries in the world towards immigrants. The maple leaf country was built by immigrants, and Canadians do always remember it.

Why do U.S. citizens or residents immigrate to Canada?

Canada may be an attractive option for many U.S. citizens or residents for a number of reasons, most notably:

  • Free universal healthcare: Canadian citizens and permanent residents don’t have to worry about huge medical bills.
  • Better work-life balance: Workers in Canada enjoy shorter work hours. A Gallup article suggested that full time U.S. workers end up working an average of forty-seven (47) hours a week, whereas in Canada, the standard number of weekly work hours is forty (40) hours a week.
  • Paid statutory holidays: In Canada, workers enjoy paid statutory holidays, such as Canada Day. Whereas in the United States, however, employers are not required to pay employees for statutory holidays.
  • Paid maternity leave: The U.S. provides just twelve (12) weeks of unpaid parental leave for new parents. Canadian mothers can enjoy thirty-five (35) to sixty-one (61) weeks off, and can also receive payments through Canada’s Employment Insurance (EI).
  • Canada is more accepting of immigrants: According to a recent global survey report, Canada is the world’s most accepting country for immigrants.

Express Entry System

United States citizens or residents can choose from over One hundred immigration pathways, the most popular of which is Express Entry.

Express Entry is the system that Canada immigration ministry uses to manage permanent residence applications for three main economic class immigration streams:

Candidates are then evaluated based on multiple factors including their work experience, education, age and language abilities in French or English. They are then granted a score based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

The highest ranked candidates in the Express Entry pool are periodically granted invitations to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

In addition, many Canadian provinces use the Express Entry system to choose candidates who can potentially address labor shortages within the province.

Provinces are then able to invite candidates selected to apply for a provincial nomination for Canadian permanent residence, via the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).

Nominated candidates receive an extra 600 CRS points, effectively guaranteeing an invitation to apply for permanent residence in a future Express Entry draw.

Pathway to Canadian Citizenship

After migrating to Canada and becoming a permanent resident, you may then be qualified to apply for Canadian citizenship.

Permanent residents must show that they have lived in Canada for three years in the last five years.

About eighty-five (85) per cent of permanent residents eventually become Canadian citizens.