Canadian citizens and permanent residents have until next week Tuesday to inform Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) about their plan to sponsor their parents and grandparents.
The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) expression of interest window opened on Oct. 13 and closes on Nov. 3 at 12 PM EST.
Through the Parents and Grandparents Program, parents, and grandparents can get Canadian permanent residence and then citizenship.
The IRCC will then hold a lottery inviting up to 10,000 sponsors to file their PGP applications.
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How you can apply for the Parents and Grandparents Program by November 3rd?
As a first step, interested persons must lodge an online sponsorship interest form during the present submission period in order to be considered for an invitation to apply to the PGP. Applicants will have until Nov. 3rd to complete the form.
After lodging an interest to sponsor form, applicants needed to wait to see if they are among the 10,000 applications that will be randomly selected by IRCC to receive an invitation to apply.
If an applicant obtained an invitation to apply, they must pay the required application fees, lodge a completed sponsorship application within Sixty (60 days
You will receive an application package that includes a document checklist, forms that you and the people you want to sponsor must fill out as well as an instruction guide.
If an applicant is applying from Quebec, they must obtain a Quebec Selection Certificate from the Quebec government and lodge it to IRCC as part of the application.
What Are the Eligibility Requirements for PGP 2020?
Generally speaking, if you are over the age of eighteen (18), a Canadian citizen or permanent resident living in Canada, you are eligible if you meet the criteria set out by IRCC.
Also, you need to have earned the necessary income limit requirements over the past three tax years to show that you can support your family members, financially.
Basically, in order to be qualified for the 2020 PGP, sponsors need to:
- Be Canadian nationals, permanent residents, or a registered Indian under the Canadian Indian Act;
- Be at least eighteen (18) years old;
- Live in Canada;
- Must exceed the minimum necessary income level
- Sign an undertaking: to financially cater or support the sponsored family members for twenty (20) years; to refund any social assistance paid to the sponsored family members for twenty (20) years; If the sponsor lives in Quebec, you need to sign another undertaking with Quebec.
Sponsors need to show that they meet the income requirements by lodging the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) notices of assessment.
If you live in a province or territory outside of Quebec, you need to show your income from the past three (3) tax years, but this requirement is for only one (1) year if you reside in Quebec.
You can also have your spouse or common-law partner as a co-signer to help you meet the income requirement however they must also meet the eligibility requirement and adhere to the twenty (20)-year undertaking period.
The purpose of the undertaking is to make sure you can provide for the sponsored family members financially.
What is the Income Requirements for Parents and Grandparent program?
All sponsors who want to sponsor their parents or grandparents will have to verify that they have the required income for the number of family members they will cater for financially.
While it is optional to give proof of required income in the first step of expression of interest in sponsoring, potential sponsors who are invited to apply will be required to provide notices of assessment from Canada Revenue department for each of the three taxations years immediately preceding the date of their application thereafter.
Canada’s immigration ministry notes that sponsors will have to meet income requirement for the 2020, 2019 and 2018 taxation years.
The ministry understands that sponsors will not have gotten their 2020 Notice of Assessment by then, so sponsors will have to lodge it as soon as it becomes available.
The minimum required income is shown in the following table below. Please note that this tax reports is applicable to potential sponsors in all provinces and territories except Quebec.
It is essential to mention that the total number of persons the sponsor will be financially responsible to includes the following:
- the interested sponsors;
- their spouses or common-law partners;
- their dependent children;
- their spouse’s or common-law partner’s dependent children;
- any other individual the interested sponsor may have sponsored before, for whom they’re still financially responsible;
- the parents and grandparents they wish to sponsor and their dependents;
- any dependent children who will not come to Canada with their parents or grandparents;
- their parent or grandparent’s spouses or partners, even if they will not come to Canada;
- their parent or grandparents’ separated spouses.
Sponsors residing in Quebec province will have their income confirmed by the Quebec’s Ministry of immigration based on the province’s income requirements.
Quebec’s income requirement are different from those of the other Canadian provinces. Potential sponsors and their co-signer (if applicable) are required to show that they have had enough financial resources in the last twelve (12) months.
Whether you are in Quebec or in another Canadian province, interested sponsors are required to lodge a signed undertaking. This undertaking reveal the period for which the sponsor will be financially responsible for the family members that they are bringing to Canada.
For residents of all provinces and territories in Canada except Quebec, the length of the undertaking for parents and grandparents is twenty (20) years. For residents of Quebec, the length of the undertaking is ten (10) years.
Benefits of Parents and Grandparents Program to Canadian society?
First and foremost, strong families are the backbone of Canadian society.
There is also a very strong case that can be made in favor of the Parents and Grandparents Program.
Research indicates that parents and grandparents contribute to household income. This enables families to have greater purchasing power which benefits the Canadian economy.
Purchasing a home is the biggest opportunity we all make and the homeownership rates of immigrant families are equivalent to Canadian-born families (roughly Seventy (70) percent of families own a home).
In addition to augmenting the household income, parents and grandparents enable their children and grandchildren to work more hours. The reason for this is that parents and grandparents can provide the same child care, giving the rest of the family more flexibility to pursue more economic opportunities.
In the past, Canadian government surveys reveal that the PGP is among the less popular immigration programs among Canadians. This is understandable given the notion that parents and grandparents contribute less to the economy, and are likely to be a big expense on social services such as health care.
But, it is essential to remember that Canada allays these concerns in several major ways. First, parents and grandparents account for just six (6) percent of the total number of immigrants Canada welcomes in a year.
In order to migrate to Canada, parents, and grandparent, just like all immigrants, need to pass a medical screening authorized by the government of Canada to ensure they do not create excessive demands on Canada’s health care system.
Thirdly, Canada imposes a twenty (20)-year undertaking period on those who sponsor their parents and grandparents.
This means that sponsors sign a contract with the federal government that they will be financially responsible for the welfare of their parents and grandparents for twenty (20) years from the date their family member obtains Canadian permanent residence.
During this entire period, the sponsor is legally obligated to repay any social assistance that is collected by their parents or grandparents. This results in very low social assistance utilization by parents and grandparents.
Finally, Canada strives to pursue social, economic, and humanitarian goals through its immigration system. It wants immigrants to benefit the economy, and thus it selects nearly sixty (60) percent of its immigrants under the economic class-program.
Canada also seeks to reunite families which is why it operates the Parents and Grandparents Program. It also seeks to help those who are less fortunate based on humanitarian reasons.
While it should not be viewed through an economic perspective, a case can certainly be made for the Parents and Grandparents Program, as it does help the Canadian economy.