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Popular Time Zones in Canada by Provinces

This article provides you with information about the popular time zones in Canada by Province.

Canada is one of the most diverse nations of the world. It is all because of the fact that the boundaries of the country are stretched thousands of miles across that foster cultural harmony. There are 24 time zones in the world out of which which there are 6 popular time zines in Canada by province.

It means that when you are in the country then you need to adjust your clocks accordingly. There are some important facts about the Canadian time zone that will blow your mind.

It is important to note that all these facts are related to the diverse time zones which are implemented in Canada.

There is an important fact about daylight saving. It was introduced by George Hudson in 1895. He wanted to study the insects and wanted to make use of daylight to do so. It was legalized by the parliament in 1915.

Table of Contents

Daylight Saving

For the daylight saving time, the clocks are to be forwarded an hour ahead and it is not all over Canada. It means that the clocks are forwarded during the different months of the year.

Whatever the case is it is important to note that the daylight time is saved. Some people and even organizations are against the act.

Such people are of the view that it disrupts sleep and can lead to issues in everyday life. They are also of the view that it is just a waste of time and serves no purpose.

Almost all the provinces of Canada apply the Daylight Saving Time (DST) in the warm period of the year, excluding the most territory of Saskatchewan (SK) and some exceptions in British Columbia (BC), Yukon (YT), Ontario (ON), Quebec (QC) and Nunavut (NU). The DST schedule in Canada synchronized with the USA.

Also there are many studies showing that the daylight saving does not fulfill the purpose for which it was practiced. The studies which are conducted by the University of Toronto in 2008 clearly show that it is just useless.

This fact comprises of two parts. The Newfoundland keeps time by subtracting 3.5 hours from the coordinated universal time. For daylight saving the Newfoundland subtracts about 2.5 hours from the UTC during the daylight saving time. It is interesting to note that there is only one province of Newfoundland and Labrador in this zone.

Labrador is not on Newfoundland time at all.The Newfoundland Island, southeastern Labrador till the Black Tickle Island follows this time zone. The rest of Labrador observes the Atlantic Time zone as rest of Canada does.

How many time zone are in Canada?

There are 6 standard time zones in Canada, and 4 of them are the same as in the USA. Legally all matters concerning local time are officially regulated by the provincial legislation and decisions of the municipalities, that’s why in practice many exceptions apply in some provinces. Below are the 6 time zones in Canada:

  1. Newfoundland Time zone
  2. Atlantic Time zone
  3. Eastern Time zone
  4. Central Time zone
  5. Mountain Time zone
  6. Pacific Time zone

Newfoundland time zone

This fact comprises of two parts. The Newfoundland keeps time by subtracting 3.5 hours from the coordinated universal time.

For daylight saving the Newfoundland subtracts about 2.5 hours from the UTC during the daylight saving time.

It is interesting to note that there is only one province of Newfoundland and Labrador in this zone. Labrador is not on Newfoundland time at all.

Atlantic Time zone

Atlantic Time Zone comprises most of Labrador and three other provinces – New Brunswick (NB), Nova Scotia (NS), Prince Edward Island (PE).

In Canada, the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia are in the Atlantic Time Zone. Prince Edward Island and small portions of Quebec (eastern Côte-Nord and the Magdalen Islands) are also following the Atlantic Standard Time, as well as the Virgin Islands of the United States.

Eastern Time Zone encompasses the eastern part of Nunavut (NU), most of Ontario (ON) and Quebec (QC) provinces.

The Eastern Time zone

Eastern Time Zone encompasses the eastern part of Nunavut (NU), most of Ontario (ON) and Quebec (QC) provinces.

Central Time zone

includes entire Manitoba (MB), Saskatchewan (SK) with small exception and quite a big piece of Nunavut (NU).

Mountain Time zone

comprises wholly Alberta (AB) and Northwest Territories (NT), also the western part of Nunavut (NU), the small exception in Saskatchewan (SK), the eastern and southeastern districts of British Columbia (BC).

Pacific Time zone

This zone covers most of British Columbia (BC) and covers entire Yukon (YT).

he effect of time zones has been a little-known but important issue for international business. Country time zones have been historically influenced by trading patterns and partners. Setting the same time zone to a partner makes it easier to conduct trading since business hours match.

Provinces and territories of Canada with their time zones

Province / territory or part thereofCapital and the largest cityUTC time offset (2021)DST
Alberta (AB)Edmonton, Calgary-07:00-06:00
British Columbia (BC), most ofVictoria, Vancouver-08:00-07:00
British Columbia (BC), part of Peace River DistrictDawson Creek-07:00none
British Columbia (BC), part of Central Kootenay DistrictCreston-07:00none
British Columbia (BC), East Kootenay District and Columbia ValleyCranbrook-07:00-06:00

How does Time Zones influence Traveling Times?

The effect of time zones has been a little-known but important issue for international for travelers. Country time zones have been historically influenced by trading patterns and partners. Setting the same time zone to a partner makes it easier to conduct trading since business hours match.

Why should Immigrants Care about Time Zone?

Traveling between different time zones is both exciting and challenging. It is fun because you know you can visit a new place far from your home. However, it is challenging because you have to deal with another time zone. For instance, it could be daytime when you left your area, but it is night time when you arrived at your destination.

No matter how much time difference you encounter, your body might experience some adverse effects. This is because traveling to a different time zone can disturb your physical, mental, and behavioral changes, leading to jet lag.

Which Province in Canada has its own time zone?

Newfoundland lies squarely in the eastern half of the Atlantic Time Zone, exactly three and a half hours from Greenwich. Since the Dominion of Newfoundland was separate from Canada, it had the right to adopt its own time zone when time zones were first created.

In Canada, the island of Newfoundland has a reputation for being quirky and unique. One of those quirky, unique things that sets it apart is its time zone, which deviates from the regular standard time zone scheme by a half-hour.

Tips To Help you Adjust to New Time Zone When Traveling

If you’re planning travel that will land you in a different time zone, severe jet lag isn’t inevitable. These tips will help you prepare your body for the change so that you can enjoy your trip with as little disruption to your sleep as possible.

Plan ahead:

Before your trip, figure out by how much you’ll need to shift your sleep and wake times to be in sync after you arrive. Allowing enough time to do it gradually, begin to go to bed earlier and get up earlier, or vice-versa depending on the direction you’ll be traveling in, to get your body used to the new time zone before you have to live in it.

Adjust Your Sleep Schedule Before You Leave:

Several days before you leave, start adjusting your sleep schedule to your destination’s time. “Some studies have shown that attempting to advance or delay your body clock gradually before you travel can make the adjustment faster and easier on your body, reducing the effects of jet lag.” Here’s hoping you land feeling magically adjusted.

Make yourself stay awake: 

This will generate a very robust sleep drive and may counteract some of the issues related to a misaligned circadian rhythm. Much like pulling an all-nighter, your desire for sleep will be exceptionally strong if you stay awake for a prolonged period, no matter what time zone you’re in.

One way to do this: Don’t sleep on the plane and when you arrive, fight the urge to take a nap, and try to stay awake until your normal bedtime based on local time.

See the light: 

The most important factor in resetting your body clock is light. If you can, get 15 to 30 minutes of direct sunlight as soon as you wake up. Go for a walk, eat breakfast outside, or just sit in the sun and read.

Pop some Melatonin:

Try to avoid sleep aids while traveling, as it’s much better to go about this shift naturally. But if you must pop a pill, reach for some melatonin. “Melatonin is the chemical your brain releases to make you sleepy.

Get Amazing Sleep Your First Night: 

A messed up internal clock may make sleep hard to come by, and yet you should try your hardest to get a good night’s rest. “At night. About an hour or so before bed, keep the lights in your room as dim as possible.

Close blinds or curtains and cover any light from a clock, computer, television, even your smartphone, because light can make you more alert and reset your internal clock to the wrong time, making you think the day has begun.

We hope you can reset, and feel energized and awake throughout your trip. If not, try to embrace the sleepiness as part of the experience, and promise to have fun anyway.