How to Become a Psychologist in Canada – Career, Jobs and Salary

Are you a Canadian student or an international student? Are you seeking for how to become a Psychologist in Canada? Or are you considering immigrating to Canada as a psychologist? This article will give you step by step guide on the procedures required to become a successful Psychologist in Canada.

Every year, 1 in 5 Canadians will encounter mental health concerns, according to the Canadian Mental Health Association.

Moreover, people need help now more than ever as the Coronavirus continues to put strain on individuals who have been affected directly or indirectly by the pandemic.

Hence, now is the moment to start the process and be the change you’ve always wanted to be since choosing this wonderful career.

In addition, psychologists are not only in high demand, but they are also one of Canada’s highest-paying jobs in 2021. In Canada, you may earn between $97,451 and $130,932 per year as a qualified and experienced clinical psychologist.

What do Psychologists do?

Psychologists work on a wide range of fields relating to how individuals think, feel, and behave through research, practice, and teaching.

Also, individuals, clubs, families, and larger government and industrial organizations can all be involved in their work.

Interestingly, some psychologists prefer to study animals rather than humans. The following are some of the issues on which psychologists conduct research and practice:

  • Depression, anxiety, phobias, and other mental health issues; neurological, genetic, psychological, and social determinants of behavior;
  • psychological factors that influence health and illness management; psychological determinants of health and psychological elements that influence health and disease management
  • psychosocial variables play a role in disease prevention and physical health maintenance;
  • adaptation to disability and chronic illness; rehabilitation and adaptation to disability and chronic illness;
  • Degenerative brain disorders and brain injuries
  • Pain perception and treatment;
  • Physical problems and illness (e.g., diabetes, heart disease, stroke) are linked by psychological variables.
  • Psychological implications of terminal illnesses and end-of-life care management.

Differences between a Psychologist and a Psychiatrist?

In Canada, Psychologists and psychiatrists are the most common practitioners who treat clients with mental health issues.

Clearly, a psychologist must have a master’s or doctoral degree in psychology, which entails six to ten years of university study of how people think, feel, and act.

Also, Doctoral-degreed psychologists are allowed to use the title ‘Dr.’. Clinical psychologists, counseling psychologists, clinical neuropsychologists, and educational/school psychologists who practice (and thus are licensed) have typically completed their graduate university training in clinical psychology, counseling psychology, clinical neuropsychology, or educational/school psychology.

Again, a professional psychologist is educated to analyze and diagnose mental, emotional, and behavioral problems, as well as to assist people in overcoming or managing these issues.

On the other hand, Medical professionals that specialize in mental health and mental diseases are known as psychiatrists.

Obviously, psychiatrists frequently utilize medication to assist their patients in managing their mental illnesses, and some conditions need the use of pharmaceuticals (schizophrenia and some depressions for examples). Some psychiatrists, like psychologists, also provide psychotherapy.

How to become a Psychologist in Canada?

In order to become a psychologist, interested persons must complete multiple stages of education, including undergraduate studies, a master’s degree, and finally a PhD, in order to become a psychologist.

Also, they may demand professional qualifications and practice licenses. The steps to becoming a psychologist are as follows:

  • Research psychology Courses
  • Complete your psychology bachelor’s degree.
  • Complete a master’s degree
  • Consider doing some work to obtain experience.
  • Complete a doctoral degree
  • Consider participating in a supervised activity.
  • Pass the written and oral examinations

Research Psychology Courses or Programs

First, take your time researching the various subfields of psychology before enrolling in college to ensure that you meet all of the criteria. Here’s a rundown of some of Canada’s most popular courses:

  • School psychology
  • Forensic psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Industrial psychology
  • Sports psychology
  • Counseling psychology
  • Health psychology
  • Developmental psychology
  • Education psychology
  • Clinical psychology
  • Neuropsychological research and experimental research

Complete your psychology bachelor’s degree

Secondly, a bachelor’s degree is the minimum requirement for pursuing a profession in psychology.

In most cases, undergraduate students obtain a bachelor’s degree in psychology to master the fundamentals of psychological theories and methodology.

If they want to pursue forensic psychology, other students might consider related subjects like criminal justice studies.

Additionally, those interested in becoming school psychologists can pursue an education-related undergraduate degree.

Consider doing some work to obtain experience

Thirdly, getting some work experience after obtaining your master’s degree is a smart option. Moreover, working provides you experience with psychology and might help you determine which subject to pursue as a career.

In addition, knowing the area you want to work in through experience will not only help you polish your professional skills, but it will also help you gain professional experience to ensure future employment.

It also gives you the chance to network with like-minded individuals or, better yet, find a mentor who can help you advance your career.

Consider participating in a supervised activity

fourthly, the amount of clinically supervised experience you need depends on the field in which you want to practice.

Thus, you can visit the board of psychologists in your area for more information on the number of hours you must finish. If you want to work with older adults, you should take further training in your field of specialization.

For example, if you want to work with older persons, you should take more clinical training in age care.

Pass the written and oral examinations

Lastly, the requirements for providing psychological services in Canada as a registered, chartered, or certified psychologist vary by province.

Apparently, having a PhD or master’s degree does not always imply that you are qualified to practice.

In addition to completing a bachelor, master’s, or doctoral degree, and experience, you will need to pass oral and written exams with your local psychologist licensing organization.

Psychologist Schools in Canada

Based on their reputation and research in the subject, these are Canada’s top universities for psychiatry/psychology.

  • University of Toronto
  • University of British Columbia.
  • McGill University.
  • University of Calgary.
  • University of Ottawa.
  • Queen’s University.
  • Dalhousie University.
  • McMaster University.

Psychologist Salaries in Canada

According to, an entry-level Psychologist with less than 1 year of experience can expect to make an average total compensation of C$62,943 (including tips, bonus, and overtime pay).

In addition, based on 108 salaries, an early career Psychologist with 1-4 years of experience makes an average total salary of C$71,921.

For a mid-career Psychologist with 5-9 years of experience makes an average total salary of C$81,522.

Similarly, an experienced Psychologist with 10-19 years of experience gets an average total salary of C$93,372. Employees with a late career (20 years or more) earn an average total salary of C$97,875.

How to get a Psychologist Jobs in Canada?

Psychologists are in high demand in Canada, and you may be able to obtain as a newcomer or as permanent resident regardless of whether or not you have an experience.

Thus, if you are a Psychologist who has worked in the field for a while, you may be eligible to come to Canada.

Clearly, Psychologists have a variety of job opportunities based on where they work in Canada. Learn about the prospects of getting a job in your province or region by visiting

Digital Skills in-Demand by Canadian Employers

How to become a Forensic Psychologist in Canada?

Indeed, in all aspects of the criminal justice system, forensic psychologists use a wide range of skills and competencies.

If you’re interested in the intersection between criminal justice and psychology, and you liked this field of forensic and criminal psychology, you might be a good fit for forensic psychology.

Forensic Psychologist Requirements in Canada

Typically, this is what you need to work as a forensic psychologist in Canada.

  • In Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, and British Columbia, a doctoral degree in psychology is required to use the title “Psychologist.”
  • On the other hand, in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and the Northwest Territories, a master’s degree in psychology is sufficient for the title of “Psychologist.”
  • For Ontario and Manitoba, a master’s degree in psychology is required to use the title “Psychological Associate.”
  • Prince Edward Island, a doctoral degree is required to engage in private practice, or a master’s degree with practice limited to institutions and agencies.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about becoming a psychologist in Canada:

Is a PhD degree required to work as a psychologist?

In most circumstances, a PhD degree is regarded the minimum need for pursuing a career as a psychologist in Canada because it provides the finest preparation for practice.

However, depending on the province, this need may differ. In Alberta and Saskatchewan, for example, a master’s degree is required to become a chartered psychologist.

How long does it take to become a psychologist in Canada?

In Canada, becoming a psychologist takes between five to eight years after completing undergraduate education.

Depending on the institution and the sector of specialty, the number of years varies.

Furthermore, certain colleges may allow students to go straight from undergraduate to PhD study without first completing a master’s degree.

What is the minimal grade needed for psychology graduate school?

While admissions requirement may vary in each university, they usually include the following:

  • Strong letters of recommendation from your psychology professor
  • 3.5 out of 4.0 GPA
  • Psychology or a related field as a bachelor’s degree
  • Graduate Record Examinations may be administered by some institutions, and applicants may be required to achieve high scores.

Can an Indian psychologist practice in Canada?

Yes, an Indian psychologist can practise in Canada. Just like any other Psychologists, must be licensed to practice in Canada. Regulatory organizations in each Canadian provinces issue licenses to practice.

How much do Psychologist make in Canada?

In Canada, the average psychologist pay is $92,177 per year ($47.27 per hour). Starting salaries for entry-level employment start at $79,713, with most experienced individuals earning up to $118,982 per year.

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