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How the Quebec Apprenticeship Program Works

Québec apprenticeship offers you the opportunity to enhance your skills and be eligible for a great career.

With Quebec apprenticeship, it is obvious that time has passed when only the people who went to school get the best place in the labour market.

Today, so many people are obtaining training for their skills to enable them to secure a good job, change the existing one or upgrade their knowledge and skills.

What is an Apprenticeship, and how does it work?

Several industries depend on apprenticeships for their survival. In Canada (Quebec in particular), apprenticeship is increasingly becoming popular. It enables businesses to employ more skilled workers.

An apprenticeship is a program that offers training to a worker to become skilled in a particular trade. Apprenticeships blend practical work with classroom learning to train the apprentice.

Interestingly, apprenticeships are full-time employment. This is because as the apprentice is taking the training, they also practically apply the lessons through the work they do.

Mostly, an apprenticeship program is for people who are in a business, offer practical training, teach lessons, offer compensation, and administer a nationally accredited certificate.

Why Apprenticeship Program?

Training under an experienced teacher is a way an apprentice could understand and grasp their trade.

The most important part of it is that they can learn while they receive payment. If you finish your training program as an apprentice, you will receive a certificate that qualifies you as a highly-skilled individual in your trade.

Colleges also offer college credit for apprenticeship programs. That is, you could graduate from college and receive a certificate that explains that you are an expert in your trade.

Similarly, you can pay off your college debt with the money you earned from your program.

Can My Business Benefit from an apprenticeship program?

Apprentices are not the only people who benefit from apprenticeships. Small business owners can also benefit from carrying out apprenticeship programs. If you have a business, you can save money by employing an apprentice.

At the outset, an apprentice does not earn so much the way employees who are already in a particular trade do.

But you can help in building them up by giving them the chance for hands-on experience. At the end of their training, you could hire them to enable them to add value to your business.

In addition, you may also conduct a constant appraisal of your apprentices to make sure they understand the nitty-gritty of the trade and do just what your business needs.

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How can I become a Quebec Apprentice?

Certain trades in Quebec are under a code of practice. The aim is to make sure that the safety of staff and the public is intact. In Quebec, for you to practice a regulated trade, you must acquire a certificate to show your eligibility for the job.

Not just that, your future employer must make sure you hold the certificate of qualification before considering you for employment.

Therefore, to qualify for the Quebec apprenticeship, you will pass through three steps. Moreover, if you may be exempted from one or more apprenticeship programs, you must have a valid certificate of qualification. If you have relevant training, experience or skills, you may also receive consideration.

Also, different trades have different regulatory requirements. When you enrol for a Quebec apprenticeship, you will get an apprenticeship guide and a checklist. Without further delay, here are the steps involved:

Step 1 – Enrolment

For you to acquire the vocational qualification you need to practise a regulated trade, the first step is to fill an application. Here’s what we mean:

If you meet the regulatory conditions for a Quebec apprenticeship, Emploi-Québec will send you the following documents:

  • An apprenticeship guide
  • An apprenticeship card
  • A Vocational Qualification Process form. In the form, you will see the number of hours you will spend on the Quebec apprenticeship, the mandatory vocational training, the qualification modules you need to master and any relevant experience.
  • A document entitled Vocational Qualification Process — Follow-Up
  • A journeyperson’s checklist

However, if you qualify for exemption from the apprenticeship program requirements, you will receive a certificate of qualification at this point. You may not need to go further to the next step. But if not, you can proceed to step two.

Step 2 – Apprenticeship

You must undergo an apprenticeship with an employer. If you are still unemployed, you will need to be hired by an employer to enable you to take the apprenticeship program.

In addition, your employer will assign someone who holds a certificate of qualification in your trade to serve as a journeyperson.

More importantly, you will need to carry a legal apprenticeship card at all times. The card is also inclined to yearly renewal.

The following must be covered by an apprenticeship program:

  • The skills you are training for under the supervision of a journeyperson who holds a certificate of qualification
  • The number of hours your apprenticeship will last
  • Required training outside the workplace that you need to complete successfully to obtain your certificate. You are demanded to enrol in a program at an organization that offers exactly the right training you need.

Additional information:

If you meet the requirements above, you will receive an invite from Emploi-Québec for you to take an examination at one of its centres. This examination will determine your qualification.

Step 3 – Qualification examination

You will take the qualification examination as part of your apprenticeship program. The examination is prepared and carried out by Emploi-Québec. Before taking the examination, you must have completed your apprenticeship program and also paid the examination fee.

The examination qualifies you for the content of the apprenticeship guide. You must also pass the exam to obtain a certificate of qualification.

Furthermore, the examinations can be taken in the following regions: Bas-Saint-Laurent, Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, Capitale-Nationale, Mauricie, Estrie, Montréal, Outaouais, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Côte-Nord, Nord-du-Québec, Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Lanaudière, Laurentides, Montérégie and Centre-du-Québec.

Types of Quebec Apprenticeship

There are two common types of Quebec apprenticeship and they are:

  • Compulsory qualification
  • Voluntary qualifications

Compulsory qualification

To practice a regulated trade, you are lawfully required to hold an apprenticeship card or a certificate of qualification. The laws that regulate certain trades typically aim to safeguard the health and security of workers and the public.

Voluntary qualification

Voluntary-qualification trades are normally for the Workplace Apprenticeship Program. More so, it pertains to non-regulated trades.

Voluntary qualification programs enable workers who have less experience to develop the vital skills for the trade they aim to practice, in an on-the-job situation.

Except stipulated otherwise, these trades are eligible for the Workplace Apprenticeship Program (PAMT). The programs also offer skilled workers to receive official awards for their skills.

Workplace Apprenticeship Program

The Workplace Apprenticeship Program is the most popular of all the programs. It is developed for voluntary-qualification trades.

In addition, the program employs the journeyperson system. Also, the skills the apprentice wants to acquire are in an apprenticeship guide which they received at the beginning of the training.

All information about the apprentice’s progress will be recorded in the same guide.

Other on-the-job training approaches 

The Workplace Apprenticeship Program is not tailored to suit all work situations. As a result, other methods are available. They are:

  • Online training
  • Practical training workshops
  • Mentoring
  • Case studies
  • Simulation exercises

Eligibility for in Quebec Apprenticeship Program

To take part in the Quebec Workplace Apprenticeship Program, you must meet the following requirements:

  • Be at least 16 years of age
  • Being employed in Québec is one of the trades for which the program is offered

Advantages of Quebec Apprenticeship Program

There are numerous advantages of participating in the Workplace Apprenticeship Program. The employer, apprentice and journeyperson benefit from it. Below are the advantages :

Advantages for employers

Employers will:

  • Gain from pre-structured training depending on their organization’s needs and the real-life process of the targeted trades
  • Enjoy more competitiveness by improving workers’ efficiency
  • Harness the skills and knowledge of experienced employees
  • Enhance greater employee versatility and qualification
  • Improve their integrity and status in their field of activity, while retaining staff and training a new set of employees
  • Potentially obtain meaningful tax credits

Advantages for Apprentices

Apprentices will:

  • Develop great skills while practising a trade
  • Obtain an increased level of proficiency and skills
  • Facilitate their trade and their position in the organization
  • Improve their versatility and likelihoods for developing their career
  • Potentially obtain an official award of their skills in form of a certificate of qualification and attestation of competency
  • May become eligible for federal government grants (Apprenticeship Incentive Grant and Apprenticeship Completion Grant)

Advantages for Journeypersons

The journeyperson will:

  • Put their knowledge into good use and assume a powerful role in the organisation
  • Share their know-how and skills in the area of the assignments about their trade
  • Partake in improving the skills of other employees
  • Strengthen their credibility and status in their area of proficiency
  • Potentially obtain an official award of their skills (certificate of qualification and attestation of competency)

Quebec Apprenticeship Financial Aid and Loans

There are a few financial aids and loans you may access during your apprenticeship training. Here are some of them:

  • Apprenticeship Incentive Grant: this offers up to $2,000 total per apprentice to enable them to cover the costs of or continue a career in trades.
  • Apprenticeship Incentive Grant for Woman: this is offered to women apprentices to cover the cost of their continuing a career in the Red Seal trades where they are underrepresented. It covers up to $6,000 total per woman
  • Apprenticeship Completion Grant: it offers $2,000 total per apprentice to help apprentices after they complete their apprenticeship training.
  • Canada Apprentice Loan: it offers up to $4,000 in interest-free loans.
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Frequently Asked Questions

What is a certificate of vocational qualification?

A certificate of vocational qualification issued by Emploi-Québec provides official recognition and confirms that you master the essential skills of your trade.

How long do Quebec apprenticeship Programs Last?

There are varied time-frames for you to complete your training on apprenticeship. This depends on the industry and specific program you are involved in. However, apprenticeships can take four to six years to complete.

Does an Apprentice Earn Money?

Normally, an apprentice can earn up to $15 per hour. Moreover, the length of time you have spent in the apprenticeship program has an impact on your wages. Again, the type of trade will determine the amount you can earn.

What is an apprenticeship in Quebec like?

In Quebec, you will first need to take part in classroom training at a CEGEP, college or training institution. After that, you will need to take on-the-job training with an employer.