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Quebec Population – Historic and Present

Quebec is the largest province in Canada in terms of area and the second largest administrative division.

Quebec is a province in Canada. By estimation, Quebec’s population is 8.6 million. It is the second largest by population in Canada and largest province by area being 1,542,056 sq. km (595,391 sq. mi).

Therefore, Quebec is the largest province in Canada in terms of area and the second largest administrative division after Nunavut. Quebec’s population which is estimated to be 8.6 million, makes it the second most populous province in Canada.

Quebec is located in East Central Canada. It has borders with Ontario to the southwest, Newfoundland and Labrador to the northeast, and New Brunswick to the southeast.

Quebec also have border with New York, Vermont, Maine and New Hampshire to the south, Maine and maritime borders with Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island and Nunavut

Table of Contents

Quebec Population 2021

From the Statcan report, Quebec’s population in 2021 is estimated to be 8.6 millions. It is number two largest by population in Canada and largest province by land mass.

French is Quebec’s official language and 94.6% of the province’s population have knowledge of French.

Quebec City is the capital of Quebec province, it celebrated its 400th anniversary as a city in 2008.

The location of Quebec City was officially discovered by the French explorer Jacques Cartier. He built a fort there in 1535 and a permanent settlement in 1541.

The French settlers who settled in New France Quebec, came largely from the western and northern provinces of France

Quebec Population by Age and Sex Structure

Open table for Quebec population by age and sex

Age groups Total  % of Population Male Female
0–4 years    444,930  5.45%   227,965  216,970
5–9 years   469,165   5.75%   240,225.  228,940
10–14 years  419,160  5.13%  214,345  204,815
15–19 years  429,825 5.26% 219,070 210,755
20-24 years  500,100  6.13%  252,600   247,500
25-29 years  495,410  6.07%  248,030  247,380
30-34 years  515,505  6.31%  256,440  259,070
35–39 years  550,540  6.74%  274,595  275,945
40–44 years  506,525 6.20%   254,100 252,425
45–49 years  519,425  6.36%   260,410 259,015
50–54 years  619,435  7.59% 309,070 310,370
55–59 years  636,475  7.80% 314,190 322,285
60–64 years 562,670  6.89% 276,140 286,535
65-69 years 488,175  5.98%  236,395  251,775
70-74 years 373,590  4.58%  176,905  196,690
75-79 years 256,905  3.15%  116,020  140,890
80-84 years  187,835  2.30%  78,390  109,450
85 +   years  188,685  2.31%  61,885 126,805
Total   8,164,360  100%   4,016,760  4,147,605
In 2016, Quebec’s median age was 41.2

Quebec population density

The province has a population density of 8 people per square kilometer, or 15 per square mile. Quebec accounts for 24% of Canada’s total population.

Population of Immigrants in Quebec

The table below shows the number of immigrants in Quebec from 2008 to 2021. Between July 1, 2020 and June 30, 2021, there were 33,665 new immigrants to Quebec

Number of Immigrants in Quebec from 2008 to 2021

Open table for Quebec population by immigrants

Year.                  No of immigrants

2020-2021.       33,665
2019-2020.       33,295
2018-2019.       44,866
2017-2018 .      47,906
2016-2017.       53,205
2015-2016.       55,357
2014-2015.       45,509
2013-2014.       51,697
2012-2013.       56,003
2011-2012.       54,213
2010-2011.       53,390
2009-2010.       51,521
2008-2009.       46,508

Population of International Students in Quebec

Quebec has been an ideal destination for a large number of international students from different countries of the world.

The province’s high attraction factor is a reason for many international students. Only in 2018, there were around 35,500 international university students in Greater Montreal which recorded a 6.7 increase when compared with 2017.

Therefore, this high increase was due to many advantages offered by the area in terms of world class educational institutions, low cost of living, a dynamic cultural scene, a promising job market and a safe environment.

Quebec Population Vaccinated

This is the report of both the total number of doses administered, and the total number of people who have been fully vaccinated.

From the recent statistics, a total of 13,680,209 doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been delivered to Quebec for administration. 97.6% of doses delivered to Quebec have been administered.

Therefore, more than 6,789,272 people from Quebec have received at least one dose of an approved COVID-19 vaccine.

While 6,480,637 people from Quebec are fully vaccinated against COVID-19 as they have received both required doses.

Largest 10 Cities in Quebec by Population

  1. Montreal City
  2. Quebec City
  3.  Laval
  4. Gatineau
  5. Longueuil
  6. Sherbrooke
  7. Saguenay
  8. Levis
  9. Trois Rivieres
  10. Terrebonne

#1: Montreal City

Montreal is the second most largest city in Canada and the most largest city in Quebec. It was founded in 1642 as Ville Marie meaning City of Mary. It is named after Mount Royal, the triple peaked hill in the heart of the city.
Cities in Quebec

#2: Quebec City

This is the second largest city in the province after Montreal. Quebec City is the capital of Quebec and it is the second most populous city.

It is also the 10th most populous city in Canada and known for its historic Quebec fortified city walls, which are the only such walls left in northern North.

Also, Quebec, the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec, had a population of 531,902, as at 2016 and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296. It is the eleventh largest city and the seventh largest metropolitan area in Canada.

#3: Laval

Laval is a Canadian city in southwestern Quebec, north of Montreal. It is the largest suburb of Montreal, the third largest city in the province after Montreal and Quebec City, and the thirteenth largest city in Canada with a population of 422,993 in 2016.

#4: Gatineau

Gatineau is a city in western Quebec, Canada. It is located on the northern bank of the Ottawa River, immediately across from Ottawa, Ontario, and is part of Canada’s National Capital Region.

As at 2016, Gatineau is the fourth largest city in the province with a population of 276,245, and a metropolitan population of 332,057. The Ottawa Gatineau census metropolitan area had a population of 1,323,783.

#5: Longueuil

Longueuil is a city in the province of Quebec, Canada. It is the seat of the Monteregie administrative region and the central city of the urban agglomeration of Longueuil.

Longueuil is located at the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River directly across from Montreal. It has a total population of 239,700, making it Montreal’s second largest suburb. The fifth most populous city in Quebec and twentieth largest in Canada.

#6: Sherbrooke

Sherbrooke is a city in southern Quebec, Canada. Sherbrooke is located at the confluence of the St. Francis and Magog rivers in the heart of the Estrie administrative region.

Sherbrooke is also the name of a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Sherbrooke.

With a total population of 165,005. It is the sixth largest city in the province and the thirtieth largest in Canada.

#7: Saguenay

Saguenay is a city in the Saguenay Lac-Saint-Jean region of Quebec, Canada. This is the seventh largest city in Quebec with a total population of 144,989

#8: Levis

Levis is a city in eastern Quebec, Canada, located on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, opposite Quebec City. Levis is the 8th among the 10 largest cities in Quebec.

#9: Trois Rivieres

Trois Rivieres is a city in the Mauricie administrative region of Quebec, Canada. In 2021, the city’s population was 140,420 and it ranked 9th out of the 10 largest cities in Quebec.

Trois Rivieres is located at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from the city of Becancour.

It is part of the densely populated Quebec City Windsor Corridor and is approximately halfway between Montreal and Quebec City. Trois Rivières is the economic and cultural hub of the Mauricie region.

#10: Terrebonne

Terrebonne is an off-island suburb of Montreal, in southwestern Quebec, Canada. It is located on the north shores of the Rivière des Mille-Îles and of the Rivière des Prairies, north of Montreal and Laval. This is the 10th largest city in Quebec with a total population of 113,226.

Open Table for Largest 10 Cities in Quebec by population

Rank City             Region.                    Population

1. Montreal         Montreal                 1,762,976
2. Quebec.        Capitale-Nationale. 538,738
3. Laval.               Laval.                      431,208
4. Gatineau         Outaouais.              281,501
5. Longueuil.    Montérégie.          245,033
6. Sherbrooke.   Estrie.                   165,005
7. Saguenay. Saguenay–Lac-Sai.  144,989
8 Lévis.     Chaudière-Appalaches.      144,808
9. Trois-Rivières   Mauricie.               135,863
10. Terrebonne.    Lanaudière.           113,226

Quebec Demographics

There are many ethnic groups in Quebec and few visible minority groups. These are shown below.

Visible minority groups that make up Quebec population include:

  • Black: 3.2%
  • Arab: 2.2%
  • Latin American: 1.5%
  • South Asian: 1.1%
  • Chinese: 1.1%
  • Southeast Asian: 0.9%
  • Filipino: 0.4%
  • West Asian: 0.3%
  • Korean: 0.1%
  • Japanese: 0.1%

Most common ethnic origins That make up the Quebec population

  • Canadian: 60.1%
  • French: 28.8%
  • Irish: 5.5%
  • Italian: 4.0%
  • English: 3.3%
  • North American Indian: 3.0%
  • Scottish: 2.7%
  • Quebecer: 1.9%
  • German: 1.8%
  • Chinese: 1.2% -Haitian: 1.2%
  • Spanish: 0.97%
  • Jewish: 0.96%
  • Greek: 0.89%
  • Polish: 0.84%
  • Lebanese: 0.83%

Other ethnic origins that make up Quebec population include, in order of size

  • Portuguese
  • Belgian
  • East Indian
  • Romanian
  • Russian
  • Moroccan
  • American
  • Metis
  • Vietnamese
  • Acadian
  • Ukrainian
  • African
  • Filipino
  • Algerian
  • British Isles
  • Armenian
  • Dutch
  • Hungarian
  • Swiss
  • Egyptian
  • Salvadoran
  • Syrian
  • Colombian
  • Mexican
  • Berbers
  • Inuit
  • Iranian
  • Peruvian
  • Jamaican
  • Pakistani
  • Chilean
  • Turk
  • Austrian
  • Sri Lankan
  • Congolese
  • Cambodian
  • Welsh.

Quebec Population Growth Rate

Quebec population growth rate is determined by certain factors that bring about increase in population. These factors are birth rate, death rate and net migration. But recently, there was a significant reduction in Quebec population due to certain reasons discussed below.

Quebec Population Change

There was a significant reduction in Quebec population between 2019 and 2021. This reduction brought about a decline in Quebec population growth rate.

The estimation of Quebec population was 8,576,000 in March 2021. There was about 19,300 population increase between 2020 and 2021 March. While between 2019 and 2020 there was a population increase of about 110,000

Therefore, the reduction in Quebec population is because of COVID-19 pandemic and a few other reasons. However, the reasons are discussed below.

Other Reasons For Quebec Population Decrease

Decline Immigrants

  • The number of immigrants and non permanent residents reduced as a result of COVID 19. Quebec only received 25,200 immigrants between 2020 and 2021. This is less than 40,600 that was received in 2019.
  • These declines were due to the border restrictions put in place starting in mid-March 2020 to curb the progression of the COVID-19 pandemic.

High death rate

  • The number of deaths increased to 74,550 in Quebec in 2020, up 10% from the previous years which was 67,800 deaths for a decade.
  • Therefore, in the last 10 years from 2020, only 2% death rate was recorded as a result of the aging population.

 Low birth rate

According to statistics, in 2020, 81,850 babies were born in Quebec, a 3% decline from 2019 (84,300). The total fertility rate was 1.52 children per woman, lower than in 2019 (1.57 children per woman).

Quebec population Projection

Despite the setback in Quebec population growth rate, Quebec is still projected to reach a population of 9.2 million by 2056.