The requirements for giving birth in Canada by non-citizens are not much; the most important thing is to get your Temporary Resident Visa which will provide you access to Canada. While applying for the TRV, you must indicate that you are pregnant and want to give birth in Canada.
Canada is a developed country, and many people are migrating to the maple leaf country by the thousands. And one way people secure their future in an advanced country such as Canada is by giving birth in Canada.
Moreover, if a child is born in Canada, that child automatically receives Canadian citizenship. Even when a child is born to parents who are not Canadian citizens or permanent residents, the child automatically becomes a Canadian Citizen.
Simply put, non-residents of Canada may decide to come to Canada to deliver a child. First, however, you might want to know the essential requirements for giving birth in Canada for non-residents.
Therefore, this article will highlight the requirements, benefits, and costs for persons wishing to enter Canada to give birth.
Getting Temporary Resident To Give Birth In Canada
An individual will obtain a Temporary Residents visa to give birth in Canada. This visa is temporary and usually valid for six months or less. This visa allows the pregnant individual to visit Canada to visit family and friends while simultaneously allowing the woman to go to the hospital and seek assistance giving birth.
However, the visa does not allow the woman to claim medical or social benefits accorded to Canadian citizens and permanent residents. It also does not allow the woman to stay permanently in Canada, apply for citizenship, or try to apply for Canadian-issued documents.
In other words, the visa only allows the woman to go to the hospital and pay for the treatment to give birth. But once the woman gives birth to the child, that child automatically becomes a Canadian citizen and may claim a Canadian passport even if the parents are not Canadian residents or citizens.
Benefits of Giving Birth In Canada by Non-Residents
Any child born in Canada, irrespective of the status of the parents, automatically becomes a Canadian citizen. The only exception is a child born to recognized diplomats in Canada.
So when you have met the requirements for giving birth in Canada as a non-resident, you must know that there are many benefits attached to giving birth in Canada as a non-resident.
Some of the benefits include:
- The right to live in Canada or travel to Canada without a permit or visa
- Canadian citizens enjoy the right to receive and enjoy free health care, education, and social benefits.
What does the law say about non-residents giving birth in Canada?
With the promise of Canadian citizenship for the newborn child, the government protects and upholds the right of non-residents to give birth in Canada. Let’s examine what Canadian Immigration Law states regarding this.
According to section 3(1)(a) of the Canadian Citizenship Act, any individual born in Canada is immediately considered a citizen. This implies that non-Canadian parents are allowed to give birth to their child in Canada to grant the child citizenship. The rule further supports this right applied to all babies, regardless of the parent’s citizenship status.
The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act provides further legal protection for giving birth to Canadian permanent residents (IRPA). This legislation states that giving birth in any Canadian healthcare institution does not breach the terms or conditions that foreign patients must meet.
Requirements For Giving Birth In Canada For Non-Residents
Below are the visa requirements for giving birth in Canada for non-residents, and it is the exact requirement for a Visitor Visa;
- The woman must be at least 18 years old to apply for the visa;
- The woman must have a valid passport issued by your government with at least one blank page that is not the last;
- The woman must have a clean criminal history and submit court documents to prove it;
- The woman must be ready to pay the necessary visa application fees and visa processing fees;
- The woman must submit copies of her current immigration status in another country or Canada;
- The woman must have enough funds to cover her stay in Canada;
- The woman must have enough funds to pay for her hospital stay to give birth;
- The woman must be ready to attend an interview or give biometric information if necessary;
- The woman must be ready to undergo a medical examination if the Canadian Consulate asks her to (for this visa, it is usually not required unless she has a high-risk pregnancy)
- The woman must prove that her stay in Canada is temporary and that she will return to her home country once the visit is over;
- The woman must prove that she does not plan to work or study in Canada;
If the woman does not meet these requirements, the Canadian Consulate will require further proof and allow her to submit more documents to convince them they should give her a visa.
However, before issuing TRV to the pregnant woman, 3 factors must be considered:
- Do applicants have sufficient funds to live in Canada?
- Will they leave Canada at the end of their period of authorized stay?
- Are they admissible in Canada?
Giving birth in Canada as a non-resident does not require much process, but you should consider following the following procedures if you want to give birth in Canada as a non-resident;
- Make up your mind that you want to give birth in Canada.
- Apply for a Canadian temporary resident visa.
- If your TRV application is granted, arrive in Canada.
- Give birth to your child in any Canadian hospital of your choice.
- Apply for your child’s birth certificate and the child’s Canadian passport.
- Go back to your home country.
Cost of giving birth in Canada
The cost of giving birth in Canada for non-residents depends on many factors, and the price varies. The average cost of giving birth in Canada with a TRV ranges from CAD 5,000 to CAD 20,000. This price depends on the following factors:-
- the province you decide to have your child (health care costs are high in some provinces in Canada, so you can choose to go to a province where the health care cost is low).
- the medical facility you choose to handle the health care (hospitals are more costly than midwifery)
- the type of delivery (standard delivery vs. Caesarean section).
What benefits do pregnant women who want to deliver in Canada as a non-resident get?
No special privilege is given to a parent who wants permanent Canadian residence after giving birth in Canada as a non-resident. However, suppose you want to live in Canada after your childbirth. In that case, you must get your temporary resident visa as a visitor, student, or worker, provided you can receive it.
Moreover, after giving birth in Canada as foreigners, many mothers return to their home countries with the knowledge that their children will return to Canada to study and work as citizens with full rights.
What benefits do I enjoy as a pregnant woman who wants to give birth in Canada?
You don’t enjoy any benefit as a parent who wants to give birth in Canada as a non-resident. This is because Canadian health care does not cover the medical cost of giving birth in Canada for non-residents. Therefore, you will have to pay for the medical cost of your childbirth because you are not a Canadian resident.
However, suppose you are a temporary resident in Canada, either as a student or worker. In that case, you can enjoy health care in Canada, including cost childbirth, through your educational institution or provincial authority, depending on the years you have lived in a particular province.
Assuming you live in British Columbia, you will get medical care from your educational institution for three months before the British Columbia provincial government takes over.
If I want to travel to Canada to deliver as a non-resident, what should I indicate as my reason for applying for TRV?
As a foreigner who wants to give birth in Canada as a non-resident, you must indicate that your reason for applying for TRV is to give birth in Canada and that you are pregnant. This information may be a material fact in evaluating your TRV application. And if it is reported, it will go unnoticed.
Moreover, the deliberate withdrawal of the fact that you are pregnant may be a reason for your inadmissibility to Canada. Hence, your application for TRV may be denied. So, it is in your interest to indicate that you desire to give birth in Canada in your TRV application.
Will I be considered medically inadmissible to Canada because I am pregnant?
No, being pregnant does not render you inadmissible to Canada. Some pregnancies could be deemed high-risk for the Canadian health system, but this does not affect the child because he is considered a Canadian child at birth. Therefore, even if there is a concern that a child at birth may burden the Canadian health system, it should not be used to evaluate the TRV application’s medical admissibility.
Will a medical examination be required from me as a pregnant TRV applicant?
According to IRCC law, a medical examination may be demanded from pregnant TRV applicants in some instances, like when it will be regarded as necessary material for evaluating your TVR application.
Pregnant women can enter Canada to give birth under a category of temporary resident visas. Although the pregnancy is considered by the officials reviewing the application, it is not a reason to reject someone’s application for a visa.
This visa does not prevent women from entering Canada simply because they are pregnant.