Ever since its inception, the parent sponsorship program has allowed many immigrants to reunite with their parents and grandparents in Canada. The Canadian government understands the importance of togetherness amongst family members and how it can influence the productivity of individuals.
Therefore, parents’ sponsorship in Canada was created to help Canadian citizens and permanent residents bring their parents and/or grandparents to become permanent residents of the country.
The Canadian immigration scheme that allows for this is Canada’s Parent and Grandparent Program (PGP), more commonly known as Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship.
In 2021 alone, the IRCC will approve the immigration of up to 30,000 or more persons under this program. It is speculated that the Parents’ sponsorship of 2022 will admit up to 23,500 parents and grandparents into Canada.
Table of Contents
- 1 How to Sponsor Parents to Canada as a Permanent Resident
- 2 Checking Your Invitation Status
- 3 How to Apply for Parents Sponsorship in Canada
- 4 Requirements for Parents Sponsorship in Canada
- 5 What Happens if You are not Invited for IRCC Parents’ Sponsorship?
- 6 Minimum Income Requirements for Parents Sponsorship in Canada
- 7 How Long does it Take to Sponsor Parents in Canada?
How to Sponsor Parents to Canada as a Permanent Resident
Sponsoring parents to Canada involves certain steps which both you (as the permanent resident) and the sponsor(s) must follow to obtain positive results. Usually, you will first need to indicate your desire to sponsor your parents in Canada by filling the Interest to Sponsor Form.
For the total number of parents and grandparents to migrate to Canada in one year, the IRCC may randomly select sponsors from the previous pool of interest forms or select sponsors only from the fresh interest forms submitted.
The IRCC works with a target and will like to clear previous submissions before taking new ones. If there is still room for more take more immigrants after working with the previous pool, the IRCC may then call for new submission of interest forms.
For the 2021 Canada Parents Sponsorship Program, the IRCC invited potential sponsors between September 23 and October 4. If you were not invited to apply, you should watch out for subsequent batches for the submission of interest forms in 2022.
Usually, those who have been invited to apply to become sponsors will get an invitation to apply letter by email.
After the invitation, you are expected to apply as soon as possible and the deadline to take the action will be included in your invitation letter.
Checking Your Invitation Status
It is important to know when you have been invited by the IRCC so you don’t miss out on sponsoring your parents and grandparents to Canada.
Essentially, you can know your invitation status by checking your mailbox. Most invitations are sent to the email address you included in the interest to sponsor form you filled earlier. Sometimes, you may also get the invitation as a paper document through the mail.
Ultimately, you can find out if you have been invited to apply to become a sponsor on the IRCC’s website. On the page designated for this purpose, you will find a tool that provides your invitation status.
If the tool informs you that you are invited, you must have received the invitation either by electronic mail or postal mail. If you still can’t find your invitation to apply, request for one by filling the online form provided for that purpose on the tool page. The IRCC should give you positive feedback within 10 working days.
To use the tool, enter the confirmation number the IRCC accorded to you after you submitted your interest to the sponsor form. Then, answer the prompt questions which will lead you to know your invitation status.
How to Apply for Parents Sponsorship in Canada
After you have been invited to sponsor your parents and/or grandparents, you will apply to become a sponsor while the persons you are to sponsor will submit their permanent residence application to the IRCC.
Note that you can only submit your interest and apply to become a sponsor in Canada. It is not in your position to submit applications for the persons you are sponsoring.
Also, you and your sponsors have within 60 days from when you are invited to submit your applications to the IRCC.
For the Sponsor
Follow the online application portal on IRCC’s website to apply to become a sponsor in Canada. There is an opportunity to apply on paper in case of a tenable reason such as a disability.
You should not apply to become a sponsor if the IRCC did not send an invitation to apply. If you do, your application will be rejected and the application processing fee will not be refunded.
You must fill the following forms when applying:
- The sponsor’s application document checklist (IMM 5771)
- Application to Sponsor, Sponsorship Agreement, and Undertaking (IMM 1344)
- Financial Evaluation for Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship (IMM 5768)
- Income Sources for the Sponsorship of Parents and Grandparents (IMM 5748)
- If you are married, you will fill the Statutory Declaration of Common-Law Union (IMM 5409). You and your partner will sign the form after filling it.
You are to sign the financial evaluation form yourself by hand. If you include a co-signer in your application, he/she should also sign the document.
Print out these forms before filling them. After filling, send electronic copies of the forms to those you are sponsoring. These persons will include the soft copies in their own application.
For the Person being Sponsored
The parent or grandparent you are sponsoring to Canada will apply for permanent residence by filling the following forms:
- The Generic Application Form for Canada (IMM 0008)
- Schedule A – Background/Declaration (IMM 5669)
- Additional Family Information (IMM 5406)
- Supplementary Information regarding travels (IMM 5562)
You are allowed to serve as a representative for your parents and grandparents during the Canada parents sponsorship application process by filling their applications for them (supposing they are indisposed at that moment.) However, you must obtain permission to do this from the IRCC.
For both the sponsor and the person being sponsored, the following forms may or may not apply:
- Statutory Declaration of Common-Law Union (IMM 5409)
- Statutory Declaration of Severance of a Common-Law Union (IMM 5519)
- Details of Military Service (IMM 5546)
Requirements for Parents Sponsorship in Canada
Asides from the forms both parties will fill when applying for the Canada Parents and Grandparents Program, other requirements needed for the application are:
- The date the sponsor became a Canadian citizen (or permanent resident)
- The sponsor’s Unique Client Identification Number (UCI) or client ID number
- Biometrics of the person you are sponsoring. This includes their fingerprints and a passport-sized photograph.
- Supporting documents such as the Letter of Invitation, medical exams, and police certificates.
- An application of C$1,050. This covers the Right of Permanent Residence Fee (C$500). The biometrics fee is C$85 per person.
- When submitting an application, the sponsor must include the receipt of the processing fee receipt.
If you and your parent or grandparent fill the application forms correctly and meet other eligibility requirements, IRCC will mail on the next steps you and your family member should take.
What Happens if You are not Invited for IRCC Parents’ Sponsorship?
Even if you are not invited to sponsor your parents and grandparents to Canada, they will still be able to visit Canada and remain with you for a period of time up to 2 years at a stretch.
They can do this by applying for the Canada Super Visa if they meet the eligibility requirements. There are also other immigration options that can make your parents come to Canada on visitation, although their period of stay will not be as long.
For example, the Canadian visitor visa can allow immigrants to stay in Canada for a period of six months.
Minimum Income Requirements for Parents Sponsorship in Canada
There is a minimum income standard all those who wish to sponsor their parents to Canada must meet. The minimum income requirement is the minimum necessary income plus 30% of the value. The minimum necessary income is determined over three years.
That is, the IRCC states the minimum taxable income you must-have in the last 3 years before you apply to become a sponsor. The amount is provided in the table below according to the number of persons you want to sponsor at once to Canada.
|Number of Persons||2020||2019||2018|
|For every increase in the number of persons||$6,985||$8,876||$8,740|
Due to the impact of COVID-19 on the financial state of many homes, the IRCC has reduced the minimum income requirements for parents sponsorship in Canada to only the minimum necessary income without the additional 30%.
How Long does it Take to Sponsor Parents in Canada?
The processing time for parents’ sponsorship in Canada is about 20 to 24 months. This does not include the 60-day period you have to submit your application. The processing starts immediately after you submit all documents needed for the program.
How Much Income do I Need to Sponsor my Parents in Canada?
In terms of application processing fee and right of permanent residence fee, you need about C$1050 to sponsor your parents to Canada.
As part of the eligibility requirements for sponsorship, the minimum income requirements are updated regularly on IRCC’s website.
How Long Does Parent Sponsorship Take in Canada?
About 20 to 24 months.
How do You Check Your Status for Parent Sponsorship Canada?
The IRCC will inform you if you are eligible to sponsor your parents to Canada by mailing you a Letter of Invitation electronically.
Meanwhile, there is also a tool for checking your parent sponsorship status on IRCC’s website. Note that you can check your status only if you have filled the submission of interest form for parent sponsorship.
Can a Sponsored Parent Become a Canadian Citizen?
All parents and grandparents you sponsor to Canada automatically become permanent residents with all the full benefits associated with it.
If these persons wish, they can become citizens of Canada by taking the appropriate steps for Canadian citizenship.