Top Industries in Canada
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Top Industries in Canada that hire Immigrants

Canada’s thriving economy can be attributed to the working capacity of the top industries in Canada, many of which rank amongst the best in the world.

Consequently, these make up the key industrial sectors that contribute immensely to the growth and viability of the Canadian economy. These industries will be discussed in this article.

In addition, Canada is ranked as the fourth-best economy in the world; this status it has attained through the continuous growth of its key industrial, manufacturing, agricultural, and service sectors.

What are the top industries in Canada?

These will include the following:

  • Service industry
  • Manufacturing sector
  • Natural Resources
  • Mining Sector
  • Agricultural sector
  • Information and Technology sector

Service Industry

The importance of the service industry to Canada’s economic growth cannot be overemphasized. The service industry accounts for about 75% of Canadian jobs and 78% of Canada’s GDP.

The service industry includes sectors such as; transportation, health care, finance, banking, construction, communication, retail, tourism, and the government.

The Canadian economy is divided into two industries:

  • The goods-producing sector is where physical, tangible products are produced.
  • The services-producing sector includes everything else.

Services, in this regard, constitute a varied range of activities, such as high-tech and knowledge-intensive occupations, in addition to low-skill, labor-intensive occupations; this may mean everything from a software developer to a fast food server, for instance.

Nevertheless, the retail sector is the most popular and vital part of the Canadian economy, with some big franchise moguls like Walmart and Future Shop, which call Canada home.

Presently, the financial services, real estate, and communications industries have grown geometrically, particularly in the business districts of Montreal, Toronto, and Vancouver.

Dubbed the “Hollywood North,” Canada is undoubtedly a major powerhouse of international and local films, even as many American film studios now prefer to have their filming sets here.

Likewise, the proportion of the Canadian economy resulting from services has been increasing, from 65% in 2004 to 69% in 2013.

Thus, the gross domestic product of the service industries in 2013 totaled $714 billion­, almost double the amount in 2001.

Manufacturing Sector

Canada’s manufacturing sector accounts for about $174bn in GDP, which is above 10% of the country’s total GDP.

Consequently, 1.7 million jobs are kept and maintained due to the presence and thriving of many of the top manufacturing industries in Canada.

On the other hand, manufacturing industries have grown and become more industrialized over the years; however, they have only been made possible through cutting-edge technologies and innovations introduced to the sector by researchers, programmers, engineers, and tradespeople.


Below is a list of some of the top manufacturing industries in Canada.

Alberta Main Manufacturing Industries


Percentage of the employed workforce

Mining, oil and gas, machinery manufacturing 9.5
Meat Processing 6.4
Wood paneling manufacturing 4.3

The Province of Alberta is home to 63% of all industrial manufacturing facilities in Canada

Top Industries in Canada, British Columbia


Percentage of the employed workforce

Sawmill and wood production 9.7
Meat processing 4.6
Wood paneling manufacturing 3.0

The Province of British Columbia is amongst the top largest wood production hub in Canada

Top Industries in Canada, Manitoba


Percentage of the employed workforce

Meat Processing 13.4
Tractors and agricultural equipment manufacturing 6.9
Printing 5.2

The province of Manitoba accounts for one of the largest producers of wheat farms in Canada, accounting for 9.8% of the country’s total production.

New Brunswick Main Manufacturing Industries


Percentage of the employed workforce

Seafood processing 26.7
Miscellaneous Manufacturing 3.2
Meat processing 2.7

11.4% of Canada’s seafood needs are produced in New Brunswick. This province is recognized for its queen crab, shrimp, and herring catches.

Newfoundland and Labrador Main Manufacturing Industries


Percentage of the employed workforce

Seafood processing 56.8
Bread production 1.2
Wood paneling production 0.9

Some of the largest fishing companies in the world are located in Newfoundland and Labrador, such as the Barry Group Inc. and Breakwater Fisheries Ltd, which call this province home.

Top Industries in Canada, Nova Scotia


Percentage of the employed workforce

Seafood processing 21.4
Aerospace manufacturing 7.0
Ship and boat building 4.3

Nova Scotia accounts for 40% of all military assets and security operators in Canada.

Top Industries in Canada, Ontario


Percentage of the employed workforce

Automobile manufacturing 4.9
Plastic production 4.2
Printing 3.4

Ontario has one of the biggest automobile manufacturing industries, this province produces 59.3% of all cars in Canada. Ontario is home to names like Ford, Chrysler, General Motors, and Toyota.

Quebec Main Manufacturing Industries


Percentage of the employed workforce

Aerospace manufacturing 6.5
Meat processing 3.6
Plastic manufacturing 3.1

23.7% of all aircraft engines and parts are manufactured in Quebec. The international aerospace companies; Bombardier, Pratt & Whitney, and even Bell Helicopter Textron call Quebec home.

Top Industries in Canada, Saskatchewan


Percentage of the employed workforce

Tractors and agricultural machinery 18.7
Meat processing 7.8
Truck, trailer, and home manufacturing 5.0

Saskatchewan is the farming capital of Canada; the province owns a huge 41% of arable land that produces rye, oats, wheat, and barley.

Manufacturing Work Shortages in Canada

As a result of the increasing aging population of Canada, there has been an increase in manufacturing labor shortages in Canada.

In response, Canada has continued introducing skill development and additional training to its employees in these sectors to help curb future labor shortages.

Recent labor market conditions in Canada

Unemployment cases have been falling steadily, and job vacancies are increasing in most regions, resulting in labor shortages.

  • 30.3 million – Size of the total working age (15 and above) population in Canada
  • 19.8 million – Size of the labor force, reflecting a 65.4% participation rate
  • 18.7 million – Number of employed, reflecting a 61.6% employment rate
  • 1.16 million – Number of unemployed, a 5.8% unemployment rate
  • 527, 000 – Number of vacant jobs, reflecting 3.2% of labor demand
  • 0.6 percent – Average real hourly wage growth in 2018.

For more information on labor statistics in Canada, please visit the link: Addressing labor shortages

Natural Resources Sector

  • Being the second-largest country in the world, Canada is very much underpopulated; it, nevertheless, remains a vast source of natural resources. The natural resources sector is largely driven by forestry, mining, fishing, agriculture, and energy industries.
  • Canada is the world’s 8th largest exporter of agricultural produce, such as grains, oilseeds, and specialty crops. Consequently, Government spending in support of research and development in this sector has continued to increase in recent years.
  • Canada’s oil and gas markets are also very rewarding, with the world’s 3rd most significant crude oil reserves and 18th largest natural gas reserves at its disposal. As a result, 35% of the world’s oil and gas companies reside in Alberta, Canada. Where to find-best-oil-and-gas-jobs-in-Canada
  • Additionally, forests are a significant source of wealth for Canadians, as it provides a wide range of economic, social, and environmental benefits.
  • As of 2013, production in the forest sector contributed an estimated $19.8 billion, or 1.25%, to the country’s actual gross domestic product (GDP).

Importance of Natural Resources to the Canadian Economy

In 2014 Canada’s natural resources contributed 1.8 million direct and indirect high-paying jobs, which is almost one-fifth of Canada’s nominal GDP of $259 billion worth of Canadian exports.

In addition, according to Natural Resources Canada, it generated $26 billion a year in government revenues.

The fact remains that natural resources matter because they are more than just the hewing of wood or drawing of water.

This resource industry relies heavily on human and physical capital, investment, and resourcefulness to make its way into the world and, therefore, provide valuable economic linkages and value addition to the economy as a whole.

Canada’s Top 10 Natural Resources

  1. Water
  2. Oil
  3. Forests
  4. Precious metals (gold, silver, copper)
  5. Coal
  6. Fish
  7. Uranium
  8. Diamonds
  9. Natural gas
  10. Rivers for generating hydroelectricity

The province of Nova Scotia is the Hub of Canada’s Natural Resources. The province offers an abundance of natural resources in conjunction with business opportunities and related research and development. Areas of interest include; clean technology, mining, energy, and forest products

Clean Technology

Nova Scotia’s clean technology industry attracts considerable international attention, making it easier for the province to engage in important research and development activities and, consequently, to embark on large-scale projects that utilize natural resources.

Wind Energy

Some of the highest recorded average wind speeds in Canada often range to speeds of + 9.51m/s; thus, a wind turbine placed in Nova Scotia can produce large amounts of cost-effective power through wind energy.

Tidal Energy

The Bay of Fundy pushes above 100 billion tonnes of water every tide; this is more than all the freshwater rivers and streams in the world.

As a result, Canada’s leading research center for in-stream tidal energy is sited in Nova Scotia, named “the Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy.”


Over $2 billion is committed to offshore oil and gas projects in Nova Scotia in partnership with internationally recognized investors like Shell and BP.

Forest Products

The province of Nova Scotia is very rich in forests. Its long history of sustainable forest management also balances the economic, environmental, and social benefits of its natural resources.

Furthermore, the forest industry is a major employer in the province, producing pulp, paper, lumber, wood products, and energy biomass.

Moreover, this allows for opportunities to build on its competitiveness by employing a highly skilled workforce to produce products for world markets.

Mining Sector

The mining sector in Canada has grown geometrically in recent years, as many job opportunities continue to open up to both local and foreign workers.

Presently, over 800 mines across Canada employ more than 363,000 workers. In addition, Canada ranks as the top producer of potash and uranium globally and among the top 5 for nickel and diamonds.

In addition, the mining industry accounts for 5% of the country’s GDP and relies heavily on the continuous improvement of machinery and practices.

Cutting-edge technology is, nonetheless, developed on a constant basis, ensuring that Canada is at the forefront of the mining industry on a global scale.

Job opportunities in Canada’s Mining Sector

Assuming you desire to immigrate to Canada and also prefer a job in the mining industry, you will most probably need to work in one of the three 3-best-provinces-to-find-mining-jobs-in-Canada.

Similarly, three-quarters of Canadian mineral production is accounted for by Ontario (27%), British Columbia (18%), Saskatchewan (16%), and Quebec (14%).

Agricultural Sector

When it comes to wheat and grains, Canada has it covered. Canada is one of the largest suppliers of agricultural products in the world. However, due to its strategic location, Canada exports most of its crops to its big brother of the south, America.

Energy Sector

Due to its abundance of oil and natural gas, Canada has quickly become a world leader in energy resources.

Canada not only has the third-largest oil reserve in the world, but it’s also a world leader in hydroelectric power, with Quebec, Ontario, and Saskatchewan all using vast amounts of hydroelectric energy.

Because of the abundant energy resources available, Canada’s oil-exporting and other energy-related products make up 2.9% of the country’s GDP.

Additionally, Canada has adopted solar and wind energy production as the next major industry in the energy sector ensuring continued prosperity.

Technology Sector

Although, for the most part, it is undervalued, Canada’s technology industry remains one of the strongest in the world.

This is invariable, in part, to the Canadian Start-up Visa, a government Visa designed and aimed at bringing in new tech companies and immigrants from all over the world; in this way, Canada will continue to change the world’s technology landscape.

Finally, the government Visa will undoubtedly bring the brightest minds to Maple Leaf Country.


In conclusion, the top industries in Canada that hire immigrants are healthcare, construction, and hospitality. These industries offer a path to success for newcomers to the country. With the right skills and a positive attitude, anyone can find a good job in Canada.

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